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UWM Undergraduate Catalog 2015-2016

College of Letters and Science

Biological Sciences

Biology is the study of life. Biologists analyze organisms at the cellular and molecular levels using genetics, biochemistry, and microscopy. They also study interactions of organisms with each other and with the environment using behavior, morphology, and genetics. These studies have applications across many areas including agriculture, medicine, and the environment.

Majors in biology are needed in areas such as farming, food processing, bioremediation, as well as the biomedical and biotechnology fields. A biology major also prepares students for professional careers in medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, veterinary science, and education, in addition to advanced studies in any life science field.

The Department offers two majors: Biological Sciences and Microbiology. The Biological Sciences major has two options: the Standard option and the Cell and Molecular Biology option. The Microbiology major has two options: the Standard option and the Industrial Fermentation and Biotechnology option. Both majors and options are excellent preparation for a career in a life science field. The multiple offerings allow students a broad choice in their studies.

Course of Study: Biological Sciences Major

The Biological Sciences major requires a minimum of 34 credits in Biology, of which 26 must be at the advanced (300 and above) level. At least 15 of the advanced credits must be taken in residence at UWM. Students must complete four (4) laboratory courses. No more than eight (8) credits in 100-level courses in Biological Sciences may be applied toward the major, and students may not combine Bio Sci 150, 202, and 203 for more than 9 credits toward the major. A combined limit of 6 credits in Bio Sci 290, 489, 695, 697, 698, 699, Honors 686, 687, and 689 counts toward the major. Students must attain a GPA of 2.500 in Biological Sciences courses attempted at UWM. In addition, students must attain a GPA of at least 2.500 in all major credits attempted, including any transfer work.

Additional requirements for the major include the following foundational courses in Math, Physics, and Chemistry: 1) Math 211, 221, or 231 for a Bachelor of Science (Math 105 or equivalent for a Bachelor of Arts); 2) One year of Physics (120/122 or 209/210, with at least one semester of Physics lab (121 or above); and 3) Either the survey of Organic Chemistry with lab (Chem 341/342) or the one-year Organic Chemistry sequence with one lab (Chem 343/344/345). For students in the Cell and Molecular Biology (CMB) option, Chem 343, 344, and 345 are required, and Physics 123 is strongly recommended. Students who plan to attend graduate or professional schools are advised strongly to take the one-year sequence of Organic Chemistry with lab, a course in Biochemistry (Chem 501; also counts toward major), and two semesters of Calculus.

STANDARD BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES OPTION

Required Biological Sciences Courses

     

Bio Sci 150

Foundations of Biological Sciences I

4

Bio Sci 152

Foundations of Biological Sciences II

4

Bio Sci 325

Genetics

3

Either:

Bio Sci 310

General Ecology

4

or both

Bio Sci 315 and

Cell Biology

3

Bio Sci 316

Laboratory in Genetics and Cell Biology

2

Research Requirement: One of Bio Sci 611, 670, 671, 672, or CES 490 (a senior seminar); Honors 686, 687, or 689 (Honors research, project, or thesis); or Bio Sci 695, 697, 698, or 699 (Independent Study).

Electives to reach a total of 26 upper-division (numbered 300 and above) credits and one additional laboratory course.

CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OPTION

Core Courses

     

Bio Sci 150

Foundations of Biological Sciences I

4

Bio Sci 152

Foundations of Biological Sciences II

4

Bio Sci 315

Cell Biology

3

Bio Sci 316

Laboratory in Genetics and Cell Biology

2

Bio Sci 325

Genetics

3

Laboratory Courses: At least one Cell and Molecular Biology laboratory numbered above 350 or Bio Sci 203. See individual course descriptions to identify eligible courses.

Electives: Any U-only Cell and Molecular Biology course numbered between 350 and 399.

Any U/G Cell and Molecular Biology course numbered 400 or above.

 

Research Requirement: Either Bio Sci 672 (Undergraduate Seminar in Cell and Molecular Biology) or Bio Sci 697 (Independent Study in Cell and Molecular Biology).

Students must select additional Cell and Molecular Biology courses to reach a total of 18 credits beyond the core courses and a total of 26 upper-division (numbered 300 and above) credits.

Course of Study: Microbiology Major

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms such as bacteria, archaea, protists, fungi, and viruses. Prospective Microbiology majors should consult with a faculty advisor as early as possible, preferably before the beginning of the junior year, in order to outline an appropriate course of study. Students should consult their advisor at least once each semester.

There are two options within the Microbiology major: the Microbiology Standard option and the Industrial Fermentation and Biotechnology option, which is offered jointly with the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. For both options, at least 15 credits of advanced (300 and above) Microbiology courses must be taken in residence at UWM. Students must attain an average GPA of 2.5 in Microbiology courses attempted at UWM. In addition, students must attain a 2.5 GPA on all major credits attempted, including any transfer work.

Microbiology Standard Option
The Microbiology option requires a minimum of 34 credits in Microbiology, with at least 26 of these in upper-level (300 and above) Microbiology courses. The required and elective courses in Bio Sci, Chem 501 and 601, and BMS 534, 535, 539, 540, and, with appropriate topics, Honors 686, 687, and 689 count as "Microbiology" courses for this purpose. A combined limit of 6 credits in Bio Sci 290, 695, 697, 698, and 699 counts toward the major.

Bio Sci 150

Foundations of Biological Sciences I

4

Bio Sci 152

Foundations of Biological Sciences II

4

Bio Sci 325

Genetics

3

Bio Sci 383

General Microbiology

4

Bio Sci 529

Molecular Biology of Microorganisms

3

Bio Sci 540

Microbial Diversity and Physiology

3

Research Requirement: Bio Sci 495, 671, 698 or, when determined by the student's Microbiology faculty advisor to have Microbiology content, Bio Sci 699, or Honors 686, 687, or 689. (For titles and credits, see electives list.)

Elective Microbiology Courses: Students choose courses from this list to complete their 26 credits of upper-level (300 or above) microbiology courses. Students MUST take EITHER Bio Sci 315 (Cell Biology) OR Chem 501 (Introduction to Biochemistry), and they MUST take EITHER Bio Sci 539 (Laboratory Techniques in Molecular Biology) OR Bio Sci 580 (Experimental Microbiology).

Bio Sci 315

Cell Biology

3

Bio Sci 316

Laboratory in Genetics and Cell Biology

2

Bio Sci 401

Immunology

2

Bio Sci 402

Immunological Techniques

3

Bio Sci 405

General Virology

3

Bio Sci 425

Plankton Biology

4

Bio Sci 490

Molecular Genetics

3

Bio Sci 4951

Internship in Biotechnology, Upper Division

3-6

Bio Sci 507

Environmental Microbiology

3

Bio Sci 535

Bacterial Pathogenesis

3

Bio Sci 536

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

2

Bio Sci 539

Laboratory Techniques in Molecular Biology

4

Bio Sci 542

Biological Electron Microscopy

3

Bio Sci 544

Transmission Electron Microscopy Laboratory

3

Bio Sci 572

Genomics

3

Bio Sci 573

Cellular Evolution

3

Bio Sci 580

Experimental Microbiology

4

Bio Sci 595

Principles of Genetic and Molecular Engineering

3

Bio Sci 597

RNA Structure, Function, and Metabolism

3

Bio Sci 667

Advanced Techniques in Microbial, Molecular, and Cellular Biology

4

Bio Sci 671

Undergraduate Seminar in Microbiology: (Subtitle)
(may not count for more than 1 of the elective credits)

1

Bio Sci 698

Independent Study in Microbiology

1-3
(per semester)

Bio Sci 6991

Independent Study

1-3
(per semester)

Chem 501

Introduction to Biochemistry

3

Chem 601

Biochemistry: Protein Structure and Function

3

BMS 5342

Medical Microbiology

2

BMS 5352

Medical Microbiology Laboratory

2

BMS 5392

Public Health Microbiology

2

BMS 5402

Public Health Microbiology Laboratory

1

Honors 6861

Research in Honors

2-3

Honors 6871

Senior Honors Project

1-6

Honors 6891

Senior Honors Thesis

3

1 Only Bio Sci 699 or Honors 686, 687, or 689 projects that are determined by the student's microbiology faculty advisor to have microbiology content count toward the major.

2 Students may elect to take these BMS courses to earn credit toward the Microbiology major option provided that they earn 30 advanced credits in Natural Sciences within the College of Letters and Science, as required for the BS degree.

Other Required Courses

 

Chem 102

General Chemistry

5

Chem 104

General Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis

5

Chem 343

Organic Chemistry

3

Chem 344

Organic Chemistry Laboratory

2

Chem 345

Organic Chemistry

3

One of the following calculus courses:

 

One of Math 211

Survey in Calculus and Analytic Geometry

4

or Math 221

Honors Calculus I

5

or Math 231

Calculus and Analytical Geometry

4

One of Math 222

Honors Calculus II

5

or Math 232

Calculus and Analytical Geometry

4

or Bio Sci 465

Biostatistics

3

One of the following sets of three physics courses:

 

Physics 120

General Physics I (Non-calculus Treatment)

4

Physics 122

General Physics II (Non-calculus Treatment)

4

Physics 123

General Physics Laboratory II (Non-calculus Treatment)

1

or

 

 

Physics 209

Physics 1 (Calculus Treatment)

4

Physics 210

Physics II (Calculus Treatment)

4

Physics 215

Lab Physics II (Calculus Treatment)

1

Industrial Fermentation and Biotechnology Option

Bio Sci 150

Foundations of Biological Sciences I

4

Bio Sci 152

Foundations of Biological Sciences II

4

Bio Sci 325

Genetics

3

Bio Sci 383

General Microbiology

4

Bio Sci 529

Molecular Biology of Microorganisms

3

Bio Sci 536

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

3

Bio Sci 540

Microbial Diversity and Physiology

3

One of Bio Sci 539

Laboratory Techniques in Molecular Biology

4

or Bio Sci 580

Experimental Microbiology

4

Chem 501

Introduction to Biochemistry

3

Chem 541

Bioprocess Chemical Engineering

3

Bio Sci 537

Industrial Microbiology and Biochemistry Laboratory

2

Bio Sci 489 (w/Science Career Transitions Subtitle)

Seminar: Science Career Transitions

1

Bio Sci/Chem 5xx

Bioproduct Regulatory Protocols (under development)

3

Electives: please see list of courses under Microbiology Standard Option  

Other Required Courses

 

Chem 102

General Chemistry

5

Chem 104

General Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis

5

Chem 343

Organic Chemistry

3

Chem 344

Organic Chemistry Laboratory

2

Chem 345

Organic Chemistry

3

     

One of Math 211

Survey in Calculus and Analytic Geometry

4

or Math 221

Honors Calculus I

5

or Math 231

Calculus and Analytical Geometry

4

One of Math 222

Honors Calculus II

5

or Math 232

Calculus and Analytical Geometry

4

or Bio Sci 465

Biostatistics

3

One of the following sets of three Physics courses:

 

Physics 120

General Physics I (Non-calculus Treatment)

4

Physics 122

General Physics II (Non-calculus Treatment)

4

Physics 123

General Physics Laboratory II (Non-calculus Treatment)

1

or

 

 

Physics 209

Physics I (Calculus Treatment)

4

Physics 210

Physics II (Calculus Treatment)

4

Physics 215

Lab Physics (Calculus Treatment)

1

Honors in the Major

Students in biological sciences who meet all of the following criteria are awarded honors in the major upon graduation:

1. 3.500 cumulative GPA in all UWM graded credits attempted;

2. 3.750 GPA in UWM courses counting toward the major;

3. 3.500 GPA in all advanced credits that count toward the major; and

4. Complete a laboratory or field research independent study (Bio Sci 697, 698, or 699) or internship (Bio Sci 489 or CES 489).

Students who believe they may qualify for honors in biological sciences should apply to the Department during their last semester of study.

Course of Study: Minor

Students with a major in another discipline can apply for a minor in Biological Sciences by meeting the requirements listed below, completing the appropriate “Declaration of Minor” form, and meeting with a Department of Biological Sciences advisor.

Requirements: The minor consists of 19 credits in Biological Sciences including the core introductory sequence (Bio Sci 150 and Bio Sci 152); a gateway course selected from 1) Bio Sci 310, or 2) Bio Sci 315 plus Bio Sci 316, or 3) Bio Sci 325 plus Bio Sci 316; and at least 7 additional credits in courses that carry credit toward the major. At least 9 credits must be taken at or above the 300 level in residence at UWM. Students must maintain a GPA of 2.500 in minor courses attempted at UWM. In addition, students must attain a GPA of 2.500 in all minor courses attempted, including any transfer work.

Declaration of Major or Minor in Biological Sciences
Students should contact an advisor (See list below.) as soon as possible in their freshman year about required courses and the recommended course sequence within Biological Sciences. They should complete Bio Sci 150 and be enrolled in Bio Sci 152 before officially declaring a major in Biological Sciences. Upon declaring the major, the student must select a Department of Biological Sciences faculty advisor (from the list below) who will guide the student in planning his/her curriculum and will help the student accomplish his/her goals. Failure to complete the declaration of major, as recommended, may result in a delay in graduation.

Procedure for Processing a Declaration of Major or Minor:

1. Obtain and complete a “Declaration of Major (or Minor) Form” from the Department of Biological Sciences office (Lapham Hall S181).

2. Attend the Open Advising session held before registration each semester or select a departmental advisor in the area of interest (see list below) and set up an advising appointment by sending an email to the prospective advisor as follows:

* The “subject box” of the email should say “Appointment to Declare Major (or Minor).”

* The text of the message should give days and times the student is available to meet for advice about the major/minor and curriculum. Take the “Declaration of Major/Minor Form” and an up-to-date copy of the student's transcript (available from PAWS) to the advising appointment at which the advisor will sign the form. After this initial meeting, return to meet with the departmental advisor regularly to discuss academic progress and/or attend open advising regularly.

3. Return the "Declaration of Major/Minor Form," with the advisor's signature, to Lapham Hall S181 to obtain the Department Chair's signature. The Chair will forward the form to the College of Letters and Science Office of Student Academic Services.

4. Meet each semester with the assigned College of Letters and Science advisor (in Holton Hall); the L&S advisor will monitor progress toward completion of the L&S degree requirements.

Department Advisors

Biological Sciences Advisors

Lapham Office

E-mail (@uwm.edu)

Professor Berges – Marine Biology

S587

berges

Professor Dunn – Behavioral Ecology

S497

pdunn

Professor Ehlinger – Aquatic Ecology

S493

ehlinger

Professor Karron – Plant Ecology

S585

karron

Professor Latch – Population Genetics

N215

latch

Professor Rodríguez – Behavioral Ecology

S295

rafa

Professor Strickler – Ecology

Water Inst. 137

jrs

Professor Whittingham – Behavioral Ecology

S499

whitting

Professor Young – Plant Biology

S593

ebyoung

Cellular & Molecular Biology Option Advisors

 

Professor Heathcote – Neuroscience

N411

rdh

Professor Oliver – Mammalian Cell Biology

N209

oliver

Professor Steeber – Immunology

N211

steeber

Professor Udvadia – Neuroscience

SB80

audvadia

Professor Wimpee – Molecular Biology

S495

cwimpee

Professor Witten – Neuroscience

N409

jlw

Professor Zhao – Molecular Genetics

462

dzhao

Microbiology Advisors

 

 

Professor Forst – Molecular Biology

458

sforst

Professor Kuchin – Genetics

442

skuchin

Professor McBride – Molecular Biology

N307

mcbride

Professor Prasad – Microbiology

440

prasadg

Professor Saffarini – Environmental Microbiology

N309

daads

Professor Yang – Genomics

131D

chyang

Advisors for Related Programs

 

Major in Conservation & Environmental Science

 

Professor Fredlund – Biogeography

364

fredlund

Pre-Professional (Medicine, Dental, Optometry, Pharmacy, Veterinary Medicine, Chiropractic, Podiatry, Physician Assistant)

Patty Cobb (Pre-Medicine)

Holton 131

pacobb

Jenny Hack (Pre-Dentistry)
Holton 150
jlrahmer
Ian McLaughlin (Pre-Optometry)
Holton 127
mclaughi
Laura Stark (Pre-Pharmacy)
Holton 130
starll
Lori Fitzenberger (Pre-Veterinary Medicine)
Holton 147
lorifitz
Dana Northrup (Pre-Chiropractic)
Holton 124
northrup
Patty Cobb (Pre-Podiatry)
Holton 131
pacobb
Dorrie Van Kerkvoorde (Pre-Physician Assistant)
Holton 127
unertl

Related Areas of Study

The Conservation and Environmental Science major is an alternative, interdisciplinary program for students with specific interests in conservation or environmental science (see Interdepartmental Majors, College of Letters and Science).

For the Pre-Forestry (Wildlife Management) curriculum, see the Pre-Professional Programs section (College of Letters and Science).

Pigeon Lake Field Station is a natural laboratory sponsored by the 14 campuses of the University of Wisconsin System, located in the Chequamegon National Forest, 30 miles from Lake Superior in northern Wisconsin‰s Bayfield County. Pigeon Lake Field Station offers summer programs in a variety of disciplines, including biology. Work completed at Pigeon Lake is credited as resident study by UWM. For additional information, contact the Biological Sciences Department office.

The UWM Field Station is an area of almost 2,500 acres devoted to the study of natural history and biology. Located about 25 miles north of campus on the Cedarburg Bog in the Town of Saukville, the station includes a wide variety of natural areas ranging from old-growth forest to acid bog and several lakes. Many biological sciences courses use the Field Station for instruction and to provide hands-on research opportunities. The Field Station provides internship and independent study opportunities for biology students; it also offers short courses for credit through the department. For additional information, contact the Biological Sciences Department office.

Courses (BIO SCI)

Cross-listed Courses

The following courses offered by other departments may be used to fulfill the requirements of the undergraduate major and minor in biological sciences:

CES 471

Principles of Natural Resource Management

CES 490

Senior Seminar: Conservation and Environmental Sciences

Chem 501

Introduction to Biochemistry

Psych 254

Physiological Psychology

Psych 654

Advanced Physiological Psychology


Faculty and Staff

Felipe Alberto, Asst. Prof., PhD
University of Algarve, Portugal

Sonia Bardy, Asst. Prof., PhD
Queen's University, Ontario

John Berges, Prof., PhD
University of British Columbia

Gerald Bergtrom, Prof. Emeritus, PhD

Martin Boraas, Assoc. Prof. Emeritus, PhD

Arthur S. Brooks, Prof. Emeritus, PhD

John Buntin, Prof. Emeritus, PhD

James R. Coggins, Assoc. Prof. Emeritus, PhD

Mary Lynne Perille Collins, Prof. Emerita, PhD

Madhusudan Dey, Asst. Prof., PhD
Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

Peter Dunn, Prof., PhD
University of Alberta

Timothy Ehlinger, Assoc. Prof., PhD
Michigan State University

Millicent S. Ficken, Prof. Emerita, PhD

Steven Forst, Prof., PhD
New York University

Ralph Grunewald, Assoc. Prof. Emeritus, PhD

Jennifer Gutzman, Asst. Prof., PhD
University of Wisconsin-Madison

R. David Heathcote, Prof., PhD, Chair
University of California, Berkeley

Gerlinde Hobel, Asst. Prof., DNS
University of Ulm, Germany

Sara B. Hoot, Prof. Emerita, PhD

Reinhold Hutz, Prof., PhD
Michigan State University

Jeffrey Karron, Assoc. Prof., PhD
University of Colorado

Geoffrey S. Kennedy, Assoc. Prof. Emeritus

Sergei Kuchin, Assoc. Prof., PhD
Institute of Genetics (Moscow)

Emily Latch, Assoc. Prof., PhD
Purdue University

Jakob R. Loewenberg, Prof. Emeritus, PhD

Mark McBride, Prof., PhD
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Julie A. Oliver, Assoc. Prof., PhD
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Marianna Orlova, Instrument Innovator, PhD
Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms, Moscow

Heather A. Owen, Assoc. Scientist, PhD
Miami University

Andrew Petto, Lect., PhD
University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Ruth B. Phillips, Prof. Emerita, PhD

Gyaneshwar Prasad, Assoc. Prof., PhD
Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, India

Christopher C. Quinn, Asst. Prof., PhD
Yale University

Charles C. Remsen, Prof. Emeritus, PhD

Rafael Rodríguez, Assoc. Prof., PhD
University of Kansas

Daad A. Saffarini, Prof., PhD
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Colin Scanes, Prof. Emeritus, PhD, DSc

Dianne Seale, Assoc. Prof. Emerita, PhD

Cynthia V. Sommer, Assoc. Prof. Emerita, PhD

Douglas Steeber, Assoc. Prof., PhD
University of Wisconsin-Madison

J. Rudi Strickler, Distinguished Prof., PhD
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology

Ava Udvadia, Assoc. Prof., PhD
Duke University

Donna Van Wynsberghe, Prof. Emerita, PhD

Eldon D. Warner, Prof. Emeritus, PhD

Roslyn P. Warren, Prof. Emerita, PhD

Peter J. Wejksnora, Assoc. Prof., PhD
Brandeis University

Linda A. Whittingham, Prof., PhD
Queens University, Ontario

Charles F. Wimpee, Assoc. Prof., PhD
University of California, Los Angeles

Jane Witten, Assoc. Prof., PhD
University of Chicago

Ching-Hong Yang, Prof., PhD
University of California, Riverside

Erica Young, Assoc. Prof., PhD
Monash University (Melbourne, Australia)

Dazhong Zhao, Assoc. Prof., PhD
Chinese Academy of Science

Adjunct Faculty

Gretchen A. Meyer, Adjunct Senior Scientist, PhD
Cornell University

James R. Moyer, Jr., Assoc. Prof., PhD, Psychology
Northwestern University

Valerica Raicu, Prof., PhD, Physics
University of Bucharest, Romania

James A. Reinartz, Adjunct Senior Scientist, PhD
Duke University

Marius Schmidt, Prof., PhD, Physics
Technical University of Munich



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Biological Sciences
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