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UWM Undergraduate Catalog 2013-2014

College of Letters and Science

Conservation and Environmental Science

Glen Fredlund, Associate Professor of Geography, Coordinator
Mai Phillips, Admin. Prog. Spec., Associate Coordinator

Course of Study: Major

This interdisciplinary major is directed toward students interested in natural resources conservation, environmental assessment, and interpretation of environmental and conservation issues. An overall objective is to provide a multidisciplinary background in these areas and sufficient basic training in biological, chemical, earth, and social sciences to foster an understanding of environmental problems.

As a general guide within the major, students may elect to concentrate their studies in one of four areas:

A. Land Resources

B. Water Resources

C. Environmental Analysis; or

D. Biological Resources

In addition to these focus areas, students interested in environmental education should plan, in consultation with the coordinator, a course of study that includes the course sequence in science interpretation, CES 550/551. It is possible to elect either the BA or the BS degree option, depending partly upon the concentration (see College of Letters and Science section for the general degree requirements).

Because of the breadth and flexibility of this major, students should consult with the director or coordinator early, preferably during the sophomore year, to plan a course of study. It is particularly important to begin the introductory course sequences early since they are prerequisites for advanced courses and for declaring the major. Students wishing to declare the major can obtain the necessary information and materials from the coordinator or a College of Letters and Science advisor.

Course of Study. A minimum of 54 credits is required, and at least 25 credits must be in courses at the 300 level and above.* All students in the major must take the required courses (Parts I, II, III, and IV totaling 33-40 credits). The remaining credits (14-21) must be chosen from among the approved elective courses for the major (see Parts V and VI).

*Advanced (300 level and above) courses outside L&S may be used to satisfy this major requirement.  However, students should be aware that College of Letters and Science degree requirements call for 36 advanced credits in L&S courses.

Students must attain a 2.5 GPA on all credits attempted for the major at UWM. In addition, the College requires that students attain a 2.5 GPA on all major credits attempted, including any transfer work.

In order to be accepted into the CES major, students should be in their sophomore year and have completed CES 210, Bio Sci 150, and either Geo Sci 100 or Geog 120.

In addition to course work in the major, other skills and background are recommended for this field. Good communication skills are essential; students should take courses in public speaking and technical writing. Computer literacy and knowledge of statistics also are highly desirable. Additionally, introductory courses in economics, ethics, political science, and sociology are recommended. The coordinator or a Letters and Science advisor can provide a current list of recommended courses.

Field Work. It is recommended that students obtain at least one semester of practical work or internship experience, either as an employee or as a volunteer, with state or federal resource management agencies, consulting firms, conservation or environmental organizations, or with nature centers or local parks. Internships for credit must be arranged the semester prior to participation.

Note: Students intending to continue on to graduate school should take math through at least one semester of calculus and at least one semester of organic chemistry. They also should discuss their specific field of interest with the director or coordinator for assistance in selecting appropriate elective courses.


Bio Sci 150

Foundations of Biological Sciences I


Bio Sci 152

Foundations of Biological Sciences II


CES 210 Introduction to Conservation and Environmental Science 3

Chem 102

General Chemistry


Geo Sci 100

Introduction to the Earth




Geog 120

Our Physical Environment


II. MID-LEVEL DISTRIBUTIONAL COURSES (6-8 Credits) - Select 2 of the following
3 courses:

Geog 215

Introduction to Geographic Information Science


Geo Sci 102

Principles of Historical Geology


Chem 104

General Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis



Bio Sci 310

General Ecology


CES 471

Principles of Natural Resources Management



Students must complete one of the following courses, all of which require students to conduct independent research.

Bio Sci 611

Seminar on Recent Advances in Limnology and Oceanography: (Subtitle)


Bio Sci 670

Senior Seminar in Biological Sciences


Bio Sci 699

Independent Study


Chem 691 Senior Research 1-4
Chem 692 Senior Thesis 1-6
Chem 697 Senior Seminar 1
CES 490 Senior Seminar: Conservation and Environmental Science 1
Geog 600 Perspectives on Geography 3
Geo Sci 414 Structural Geology 3
Honors 686 Honors Research (Biological Sciences topic) 2-3
Honors 687 Senior Honors Project (Biological Sciences topic) 1-6
Honors 689 Senior Honors Thesis (Biological Sciences topic) 3
Sections I-IV 33-40


An additional 14-21 credits are required for completion of the major. Although these credits may be selected from among any listed under the approved electives in Section VI, it is highly recommended that students select courses in order to build expertise in a focus area.

The following are general descriptions of four focus areas in the major. These are meant only to be a general guide, and specific course selections should be made in consultation with the director or coordinator when planning the major.

A. Land Resources

The land resources focus area deals with land conservation and management. Students learn to use spatial database and computer geographic information techniques and how to apply these skills to understand human and natural impacts on the landscape. Graduates often find jobs working with governmental agencies or private companies as cartographers, GIS professionals, resource consultants, or conservation planners and managers.

Some focus courses available include:

• conservation of natural resources
• cartography
• geographic information systems
• physical climatology
• land form geography
• soil science
• environmental economics
• environmental geology

B. Water Resources

Students choosing the water resources focus area study physical and chemical aspects of water as well as the geological and biological processes that influence its distribution, supply, quality, and ecological functions. Numerous governmental agencies and private consulting firms hire graduates to work in the fields of water quality assessment, groundwater monitoring, and lake or stream management.

Some focus courses available include:

• limnology
• organic chemistry
• physical hydrogeology
• chemical hydrogeology
• microbiology
• soil science
• geomorphology
• environmental geology

C. Environmental Analysi

Students who choose the environment analysis focus area learn how to observe, quantify, measure, and report environmental problems. A strong foundation in the fundamentals of physical and organic chemistry will help students apply analytical skills and find solutions. As environmental chemists or consultants, students often find work in the areas of hazardous waste, air and water quality management, and environmental remediation.

Some focus courses available include:

• organic chemistry
• quantitative analysis
• biochemistry
• microbiology
• chemical hydrogeology
• aquatic microbiology
• physical chemistry
• environmental geology

D. Biological Resources

The biological resources focus area addresses the ecological and organism processes that produce and maintain biodiversity. Courses examine the genetic, physiological, population, and community-level processes that can influence the distribution and abundance of species. Biological resources can prepare students for careers including environmental education, natural resource management, wildlife biology, forestry, and fisheries.

• animal behavior
• behavioral ecology and sociobiology
• comparative ecophysiology
• biology of algae
• plant systematics and evolution
• Invertebrate zoology
• fish ecology and evolution
• evolution and ecology of birds
• plant ecology
• conservation biology
• marine biology
• genetics


Anthro 103

Digging up the Past: Approaches to Archaeology


Anthro 355 Globalization, Culture, and Environment 3
Anthro 441 Nature, Knowledge, and Technoscience in Anthropological Perspective 3

Anthro 448

Cultural and Human Ecology


Arch 350 Green Architecture 3
Bio Sci 289 Internship in Biological Sciences, Lower Division 1-6

Bio Sci 315

Cell Biology


Bio Sci 325 Genetics 3
Bio Sci 351 (301) Invertebrate Function and Evolution 3
Bio Sci 358 (305) Birds of Wisconsin 2
Bio Sci 359 (349) Comparative Ecophysiology 3
Bio Sci 361 (333) Diversity of Fungi, Algae, and Plants 3

Bio Sci 370

Animal Physiology


Bio Sci 383 (303)

General Microbiology


Bio Sci 406 Marine Biology 3

Bio Sci 407

Plant Systematics and Evolution


Bio Sci 430 (530) Animal Behavior - Ethology 3

Bio Sci 435

Identification and Systematics of Flowering Plants


Bio Sci 458 Community Ecology 3

Bio Sci 465



Bio Sci 475

Tropical Biology


Bio Sci 480

Ecological Genetics


Bio Sci 489 Internship in Biological Sciences, Upper Division 3
Bio Sci 500 Plant Physiology 3
Bio Sci 505 Conservation Biology 3

Bio Sci 511



Bio Sci 512

Limnology I


Bio Sci 513

Limnology I Laboratory


Bio Sci 523

Evolution and Ecology of Birds


Bio Sci 525

Ecology and Evolution of Fishes


Bio Sci 526

Fish Ecology Laboratory


Bio Sci 532

Behavorial Ecology


Bio Sci 540 Microbial Diversity and Physiology 4

Bio Sci 562

Topics in Field Biology: (Subtitle)


Bio Sci 605

Concepts and Models of Aquatic Ecology


Bio Sci 607

Environmental Microbiology


Bio Sci 611

Seminar on Recent Advances in Limnology and Oceanography: (Subtitle)


CES 289 Internship in Environmental Studies, Lower Division 1-6
CES 489 Internship in Environmental Studies, Upper Division 1-6
CES 497 Study Abroad: (Subtitle) 1-12
CES 499 Ad Hoc: Pratical Approaches to a Sustainable Future 3
CES 550 Introduction to Science Interpretation 3
CES 551 Application of Science Interpretation 3

Chem 221

Elementary Quantitative Analysis


Chem 341

Introductory Survey of Organic Chemistry


Chem 342

Introductory Organic Chemistry Laboratory


Chem 343

Organic Chemistry


Chem 344

Organic Chemistry Laboratory


Chem 345

Organic Chemistry


Chem 501 Introduction to Biochemistry 3

Chem 524

Intermediate Analytical Chemistry


Chem 560

Biophysical Chemistry


Civ Eng 492

Environmental Impact Assessment


Econ 328

Environmental Economics


Econ 525 The Economics of Water 3

FrshWtr 502

Aquatic Ecosystem Dynamics


FrshWtr 504 Topics in Freshwater Sciences 1-3
FrshWtr 621 (Bio Sci 521) Benthic Ecology 3
FrshWtr 690 Undergraduate Seminar in Freshwater Sciences 1-3
Geog 215 Introduction to Geographic Information Science  

Geog 247 (447)

Quantitative Analysis in Geography


Geog 306 Natural Hazards 3

Geog 310

General Climatology


Geog 340



Geog 350

Conservation of Natural Resources


Geog 403

Remote Sensing: Environmental and Land Use Analysis


Geog 405



Geog 415 Hydrogeography 3

Geog 424

Karst Geomorphology


Geog 450 Climates of the Past and Climate Change 3

Geog 455

Applied Climatology


Geog 464

Environmental Problems


Geog 475

Geography of Soils


Geog 515 Watershed Analysis and Marketing 3
Geog 520 Physical Geography of the City 3

Geog 525

Geographic Information Science


Geog 547 Spatial Analysis 3
Geog 564 Urban Environmental Change and Social Justice 3
Geog 625 Intermediate Geographic Information Systems 4
Geo Sci 301 Principles of Mineralogy 3
Geo Sci 400 Water Quality 3

Geo Sci 409

Process Geomorphology


Geo Sci 443

Glacial and Pleistocene Geology


Geo Sci 463

Physical Hydrogeology


Geo Sci 464

Chemical Hydrogeology


Geo Sci 562

Environmental Surface Hydrology


Geo Sci 563

Field Methods in Hydrogeology


Hist 432 North American Environmental History 3

JAMS 503
(JMC 503)

Environment and the Media


MthStat 215 Elementary Statistical Analysis 3
PH 375 Topics in Public Health for Undergrads: Environmental Sustainability 3
Sociol 450 Environmental Sociology 3

UrbPlan 591

Introduction to Urban Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Planning


Other Potential Course:

Because of the interdisciplinary nature of the Conservation and Environmental Science Program, students are encouraged to work with advisors to identify classes that will enable them best to gain the knowledge to achieve their goals. CES students can petition the Program to accept many classes beyond those listed above, if they are appropriate for the major and the individual student’s program of study. For example, the following courses may apply:

Anthro 699 Independent Work 1-3

Bio Sci 497

Study Abroad: (Subtitle)


Bio Sci 599 Special Topics in Biological Sciences: (Subtitle) 1-3
Bio Sci 699 Independent Study 1-3
Geog 698 GIS/Cartography Internship 1-6
Geog 699 Independent Work 1-3

Geo Sci 699

Advanced Independent Reading


Course of Study: Minor

The Conservation and Environmental Science minor requires completion of a minimum of 25 credits distributed among CES courses and approved electives, with at least 12 credits in upper-level (numbered 300 and above) courses. Students must complete at least 9 upper-level credits for the minor in residence at UWM and must attain a 2.5 GPA on all UWM credits attempted for the minor. In addition, the College requires that students attain a 2.5 GPA on all minor credits attempted, including transfer work.

I. Introductory Core Requirements

CES 210

Introduction to Conservation and Environmental Science


An introductory course in earth sciences selected from the following (3 cr.):

Geo Sci 100

Introduction to the Earth


Geog 120 Our Physical Environment 3

An introductory course in chemistry selected from the following (4 or 5 cr.):

Chem 100

Chemical Science


Chem 102 General Chemistry 5
Chem 105 General Chemistry for Engineering 5

An introductory course in biology selected from the following (3-4 cr.):

Bio Sci 102

Elements of Biology


Bio Sci 150 Foundation of Biological Sciences I 4

Note: Students pursuing BS degrees and those interested in taking upper-level natural science classes such as Bio Sci 310 (General Ecology) should take Chem 102 and Bio Sci 150 as part of their introductory core requirements.

II. Upper-Level Requirements

a. One of the following (3 cr.)

CES 471

Principles of Natural Resource Management


Geog 350 Conservation of Natural Resources 3

b. At least 9 upper-level (numbered 300 or above) credits selected from the list of approved elective courses for the CES major. At least 6 of these must be taken outside the student's major program, and at least 3 must be from the natural sciences.

Courses (CES)

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University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Undergraduate Catalog 2013-2014
Conservation and Environmental Science
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