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UWM Undergraduate Catalog 2014-2015

College of Letters & Science

Conservation and Environmental Science

Glen Fredlund, Associate Professor of Geography, Coordinator
Mai Phillips, Admin. Prog. Spec., Associate Coordinator

Course of Study: Major

This interdisciplinary major is directed toward students interested in natural resources conservation, environmental assessment, and interpretation of environmental and conservation issues. An overall objective is to provide a multidisciplinary background in these areas and sufficient basic training in biological, chemical, earth, and social sciences to foster an understanding of environmental problems.

As a general guide within the major, students may elect to concentrate their studies in one of four areas:

  1. Land Resources
  2. Water Resources
  3. Environmental Analysis
  4. Biological Resources

In addition to these focus areas, students interested in environmental education should plan, in consultation with the coordinator, a course of study that includes the course sequence in science interpretation, CES 550/551. It is possible to elect either the BA or the BS degree option, depending partly upon the concentration. (See College of Letters & Science section for the general degree requirements.)

Because of the breadth and flexibility of this major, students should consult with the director or coordinator early, preferably during the sophomore year, to plan a course of study. It is particularly important to begin the introductory course sequences early since they are prerequisites for advanced courses and for declaring the major. Students wishing to declare the major can obtain the necessary information and materials from the coordinator or a College of Letters & Science advisor.

Course of Study. A minimum of 54 credits is required and at least 25 credits must be in courses at the 300 level and above.* All students in the major must take the required courses (Parts I, II, III, and IV, totaling 33-40 credits). The remaining credits (14-21) must be chosen from among the approved elective courses for the major (See Parts V and VI.)

* Advanced (300-level and above) courses outside L&S may be used to satisfy this major requirement. However, students should be aware that College of Letters & Science degree requirements call for 36 advanced credits in L&S courses.

Students must attain a 2.5 GPA on all credits attempted for the major at UWM. In addition, the College requires that students attain a 2.5 GPA on all major credits attempted, including any transfer work.

In order to be accepted into the CES major, students should be in their sophomore year and have completed CES 210, BIO SCI 150, and either GEO SCI 100 or GEOG 120.

In addition to coursework in the major, other skills and background are recommended for this field. Good communication skills are essential; students should take courses in public speaking and technical writing. Computer literacy and knowledge of statistics also are highly desirable. Additionally, introductory courses in economics, ethics, political science, and sociology are recommended. The coordinator or a Letters & Science advisor can provide a current list of recommended courses.

FieldWork. It is recommended that students obtain at least one semester of practical work or internship experience, either as an employee or as a volunteer, with state or federal resource management agencies, consulting firms, conservation or environmental organizations, or with nature centers or local parks. Internships for credit must be arranged the semester prior to participation.

Note: Students intending to continue on to graduate school should take math through at least one semester of calculus and at least one semester of organic chemistry. They also should discuss their specific field of interest with the director or coordinator for assistance in selecting appropriate elective courses.

I. REQUIRED INTRODUCTORY CORE COURSES (19 CREDITS)

 

     

BIO SCI 150

Foundations of Biological Sciences I

4

BIO SCI 152

Foundations of Biological Sciences II

4

CES 210

Introduction to Conservation and Environmental Science

3

CHEM 102

General Chemistry

5

GEO SCI 100

Introduction to the Earth

3

or

 

 

GEOG 120

Our Physical Environment

3

II. MID-LEVEL DISTRIBUTIONAL COURSES (6-8 Credits) - Select 2 of the following 3 courses:

GEOG 215

Introduction to Geographic Information Science

3

GEO SCI 102

Principles of Historical Geology

3

CHEM 104

General Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis

5

III. UPPER-LEVEL CORE COURSES (7 Credits)

 

     

BIO SCI 310

General Ecology

4

CES 471

Principles of Natural Resources Management

3

IV. RESEARCH REQUIREMENT (1-6 Credits)
Students must complete one of the following courses, all of which require students to conduct independent research.

BIO SCI 611

Seminar on Recent Advances in Limnology and Oceanography: (Subtitle)

2

BIO SCI 670

Senior Seminar in Biological Sciences

1

BIO SCI 699

Independent Study

1-3

CHEM 691

Senior Research

1-4

CHEM 692

Senior Thesis

1-6

CHEM 697

Senior Seminar

1

CES 490

Senior Seminar: Conservation and Environmental Science

1

GEOG 600

Perspectives on Geography

3

GEO SCI 414

Structural Geology

3

HONORS 686

Honors Research (Biological Sciences topic)

2-3

HONORS 687

Senior Honors Project (Biological Sciences topic)

1-6

HONORS 689

Senior Honors Thesis (Biological Sciences topic)

3

Total

Sections I-IV

33-40


V. DESCRIPTIONS OF RECOMMENDED COURSES FOR CONCENTRATION AREAS

An additional 14-21 credits are required for completion of the major. Although these credits may be selected from among any listed under the approved electives in Section VI, it is highly recommended that students select courses in order to build expertise in a focus area.

The following are general descriptions of four focus areas in the major. These are meant only to be a general guide, and specific course selections should be made in consultation with the director or coordinator when planning the major.

A. Land Resources

The land resources focus area deals with land conservation and management. Students learn to use spatial database and computer geographic information techniques and how to apply these skills to understand human and natural impacts on the landscape. Graduates often find jobs working with governmental agencies or private companies as cartographers, GIS professionals, resource consultants, or conservation planners and managers.

Some focus courses available include:

• conservation of natural resources
• cartography
• geographic information systems
• physical climatology
• land form geography
• soil science
• environmental economics
• environmental geology

B. Water Resources

Students choosing the water resources focus area study physical and chemical aspects of water as well as the geological and biological processes that influence its distribution, supply, quality, and ecological functions. Numerous governmental agencies and private consulting firms hire graduates to work in the fields of water quality assessment, groundwater monitoring, and lake or stream management.

Some focus courses available include:

• limnology
• organic chemistry
• physical hydrogeology
• chemical hydrogeology
• microbiology
• soil science
• geomorphology
• environmental geology

C. Environmental Analysis

Students who choose the environmental analysis focus area learn how to observe, quantify, measure, and report environmental problems. A strong foundation in the fundamentals of physical and organic chemistry will help students apply analytical skills and find solutions. As environmental chemists or consultants, students often find work in the areas of hazardous waste, air and water quality management, and environmental remediation.

Some focus courses available include:

• organic chemistry
• quantitative analysis
• biochemistry
• microbiology
• chemical hydrogeology
• aquatic microbiology
• physical chemistry
• environmental geology

D. Biological Resources

The biological resources focus area addresses the ecological and organism processes that produce and maintain biodiversity. Courses examine the genetic, physiological, population, and community-level processes that can influence the distribution and abundance of species. Biological resources can prepare students for careers including environmental education, natural resource management, wildlife biology, forestry, and fisheries.

• animal behavior
• behavioral ecology and sociobiology
• comparative ecophysiology
• biology of algae
• plant systematics and evolution
• Invertebrate zoology
• fish ecology and evolution
• evolution and ecology of birds
• plant ecology
• conservation biology
• marine biology
• genetics

VI. LIST OF APPROVED ELECTIVE COURSES IN THE MAJOR

ANTHRO 103

Digging Up the Past: Approaches to Archaeology

3

ANTHRO 355

Globalization, Culture, and Environment

3

ANTHRO 441

Nature, Knowledge, and Technoscience in Anthropological Perspective

3

ANTHRO 448

Cultural and Human Ecology

3

ARCH 350

Green Architecture

3

BIO SCI 289

Internship in Biological Sciences, Lower Division

1-6

BIO SCI 315

Cell Biology

3

BIO SCI 325

Genetics

3

BIO SCI 351 (301)

Invertebrate Function and Evolution

3

BIO SCI 358 (305)

Birds of Wisconsin

2

BIO SCI 359 (349)

Comparative Ecophysiology

3

BIO SCI 361 (333)

Diversity of Fungi, Algae, and Plants

3

BIO SCI 370

Animal Physiology

3

BIO SCI 383 (303)

General Microbiology

4

BIO SCI 406

Marine Biology

3

BIO SCI 407

Plant Systematics and Evolution

3

BIO SCI 430 (530)

Animal Behavior - Ethology

3

BIO SCI 435

Identification and Systematics of Flowering Plants

3

BIO SCI 458

Community Ecology

3

BIO SCI 465

Biometry

3

BIO SCI 475

Tropical Biology

4

BIO SCI 480

Ecological Genetics

3

BIO SCI 489

Internship in Biological Sciences, Upper Division

3

BIO SCI 500

Plant Physiology

3

BIO SCI 505

Conservation Biology

3

BIO SCI 511

Ichthyology

3

BIO SCI 512

Limnology I

3

BIO SCI 513

Limnology I Laboratory

1

BIO SCI 523

Evolution and Ecology of Birds

3

BIO SCI 525

Ecology and Evolution of Fishes

3

BIO SCI 526

Fish Ecology Laboratory

1

BIO SCI 532

Behavorial Ecology

3

BIO SCI 540

Microbial Diversity and Physiology

4

BIO SCI 562

Topics in Field Biology: (Subtitle)

1-2

BIO SCI 605

Concepts and Models of Aquatic Ecology

3

BIO SCI 607

Environmental Microbiology

3

BIO SCI 611

Seminar on Recent Advances in Limnology and Oceanography: (Subtitle)

2

CES 289

Internship in Environmental Studies, Lower Division

1-6

CES 489

Internship in Environmental Studies, Upper Division

1-6

CES 497

Study Abroad: (Subtitle)

1-12

CES 499

Ad Hoc: Practical Approaches to a Sustainable Future

3

CES 550

Introduction to Science Interpretation

3

CES 551

Application of Science Interpretation

3

CHEM 221

Elementary Quantitative Analysis

4

CHEM 341

Introductory Survey of Organic Chemistry

3

CHEM 342

Introductory Organic Chemistry Laboratory

2

CHEM 343

Organic Chemistry

3

CHEM 344

Organic Chemistry Laboratory

2

CHEM 345

Organic Chemistry

3

CHEM 501

Introduction to Biochemistry

3

CHEM 524

Intermediate Analytical Chemistry

3

CHEM 560

Biophysical Chemistry

3

CIV ENG 492

Environmental Impact Assessment

3

ECON 328

Environmental Economics

3

ECON 525

The Economics of Water

3

FRSHWTR 502

Aquatic Ecosystem Dynamics

3

FRSHWTR 504

Topics in Freshwater Sciences

1-3

FRSHWTR 621 (BIO SCI 521)

Benthic Ecology

3

FRSHWTR 690

Undergraduate Seminar in Freshwater Sciences

1-3

GEOG 215

Introduction to Geographic Information Science

GEOG 247 (447)

Quantitative Analysis in Geography

3

GEOG 306

Natural Hazards

3

GEOG 310

General Climatology

3

GEOG 340

Biogeography

3

GEOG 350

Conservation of Natural Resources

3

GEOG 403

Remote Sensing: Environmental and Land Use Analysis

4

GEOG 405

Cartography

4

GEOG 415

Hydrogeography

3

GEOG 424

Karst Geomorphology

3

GEOG 450

Climates of the Past and Climate Change

3

GEOG 455

Applied Climatology

3

GEOG 464

Environmental Problems

3

GEOG 475

Geography of Soils

3

GEOG 515

Watershed Analysis and Modeling

3

GEOG 520

Physical Geography of the City

3

GEOG 525

Geographic Information Science

4

GEOG 547

Spatial Analysis

3

GEOG 564

Urban Environmental Change and Social Justice

3

GEOG 625

Intermediate Geographic Information Systems

4

GEO SCI 301

Principles of Mineralogy

3

GEO SCI 400

Water Quality

3

GEO SCI 409

Process Geomorphology

3

GEO SCI 443

Glacial and Pleistocene Geology

3

GEO SCI 463

Physical Hydrogeology

3

GEO SCI 464

Chemical Hydrogeology

3

GEO SCI 562

Environmental Surface Hydrology

3

GEO SCI 563

Field Methods in Hydrogeology

3

HIST 432

North American Environmental History

3

JAMS 503
(JMC 503)

Environment and the Media

3

MTHSTAT 215

Elementary Statistical Analysis

3

PH 375

Topics in Public Health for Undergrads: Environmental Sustainability

3

SOCIOL 450

Environmental Sociology

3

URBPLAN 591

Introduction to Urban Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Planning

3

Other Potential Course:

Because of the interdisciplinary nature of the Conservation and Environmental Science Program, students are encouraged to work with advisors to identify classes that will enable them best to gain the knowledge to achieve their goals. CES students can petition the Program to accept many classes beyond those listed above, if they are appropriate for the major and the individual student’s program of study. For example, the following courses may apply:

ANTHRO 699

Independent Work

1-3

BIO SCI 497

Study Abroad: (Subtitle)

1-12

BIO SCI 599

Special Topics in Biological Sciences: (Subtitle)

1-3

BIO SCI 699

Independent Study

1-3

GEOG 698

GIS/Cartography Internship

1-6

GEOG 699

Independent Work

1-3

GEO SCI 699

Advanced Independent Reading

1-3

Course of Study: Minor

The Conservation and Environmental Science minor requires completion of a minimum of 25 credits distributed among CES courses and approved electives, with at least 12 credits in upper-level (numbered 300 and above) courses. Students must complete at least 9 upper-level credits for the minor in residence at UWM and must attain a 2.5 GPA on all UWM credits attempted for the minor. In addition, the College requires that students attain a 2.5 GPA on all minor credits attempted, including transfer work.

I. Introductory Core Requirements

 

     

CES 210

Introduction to Conservation and Environmental Science

3

An introductory course in earth sciences from the following (3 cr.):

GEO SCI 100

Introduction to the Earth

3

GEOG 120

Our Physical Environment

3

An introductory course in chemistry selected from the following (4-5 cr.):

CHEM 100

Chemical Science

4

CHEM 102

General Chemistry

5

CHEM 105

General Chemistry for Engineering

5

An introductory course in biology selected from the following (3-4 cr.):

 

BIO SCI 102

Elements of Biology

3

BIO SCI 150

Foundation of Biological Sciences I

4

Note: Students pursuing BS degrees and those interested in taking upper-level natural science classes such as BIO SCI 310 (General Ecology) should take CHEM 102 and BIO SCI 150 as part of their introductory core requirements.

II. Upper-Level Requirements

a. One of the following (3 cr.):

CES 471

Principles of Natural Resources Management

3

GEOG 350

Conservation of Natural Resources

3

b. At least 9 upper-level (numbered 300 or above) credits selected from the list of approved elective courses for the CES major. At least 6 of these must be taken outside the student’s major program and at least 3 must be from the natural sciences.


Courses (CES)


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