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[ HTML -225kb- | PDF -372kb- | 31 pages, 3 figures, poems Spes Altera, The Tholtan ]

Table of Contents

Introduction
The Isle of Man
Waves of revival
    1880-1920
    1920-1980
Poetry in the Isle of Man
Background to the poets
    Thomas Edward Brown (1830-1897)
    Mona Douglas (1898-1987)
The two poems
Realizing revitalization
    The tholtan: linguistic context
    The tholtan: images and meanings
    Tholtan building as social response?
Conclusions
 
Endnotes
Bibliography