Brooke A. Slavens, Ph.D.
Occupational Science & Technology, Rehabilitiation Research Design & Disability (R2D2) Center
- NIDRR ARRT Postdoctoral Fellowship,
Pediatric Mobility and Clinician Researchers and Engineers, Marquette University, 2007-2010
- Ph.D., Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University, 2007
- M.S., Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University, 2004
- B.S., Biomedical Engineering, University of Iowa, 2001
- Motion Analysis
- Rehabilitation Engineering
- Orthopaedic Biomechanics
- Biomedical Engineering
Interests & Expertise
Dr. Slavens’ research interests include upper extremity motion analysis, inverse dynamics modeling, rehabilitation engineering, and orthopaedic biomechanics. She is currently investigating upper extremity dynamics during crutch, walker, and wheelchair mobility in children and adults with orthopaedic disabilities.
New interests in human motion analysis have directed research to the area of upper extremity. To quantify the upper extremity, the Movement Analysis for Biomedical Innovation & Technology (Mobility) Lab has developed a validated 3D inverse dynamics model for assessment of pediatric mobility. The model can be used to characterize shoulder, elbow, and wrist joint forces and moments. It is being applied to subjects with myelomeningocele, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, and osteogenesis imperfecta to characterize crutch, walker and wheelchair mobility to better understand joint load demands. Due to long-term assistive device usage, these mobility device users may be at an increased risk for developing upper extremity pain or pathologies.
Further research interests include musculoskeletal and finite element modeling to investigate the tissue level effects of long-term joint loading from assistive device usage. Research may improve clinical intervention strategies, therapeutic gait planning, and offer insight to long-term joint loading effects.
Slavens, B. A., Schnorenberg, A. J., Aurit, C. M., Graf, A., Krzak, J., Reiners, K., Vogel, L. C., and Harris, G. F. (2015). Evaluation of Pediatric Manual Wheelchair Mobility using Advanced Biomechanical Methods. BioMed Research International: Special Issue on Wheeled Mobility, vol. 2015, Article ID 634768, 11 pages. doi:10.1155/2015/634768.
Fiedler, G., Slavens, B. A., O’Conner, K. M., Smith, R. O., and Hafner, B. (in press). Effects of physical exertion on trans-tibial prosthesis users’ ability to accommodate alignment perturbations. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, pii: 0309364614545419 [Epub ahead of print], Aug 19 2014, In Press.
Fiedler, G., Slavens, B. A., Smith, R. O., Briggs, D., and Hafner, B. J. (2014). Criterion and Construct Validity of Prosthesis-Integrated Measurement of Joint Moment Data in Persons with trans-tibial Amputation. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 30(3), 431-438.
Schnorenberg, A. J., Slavens, B. A., Wang, M., Vogel, L., Smith, P., & Harris, G. F. (2014). Biomechanical Model for Evaluation of Pediatric Upper Extremity Joint Dynamics during Wheelchair Mobility. Journal of Biomechanics, 47(1), 269-276.
Fiedler, G., Slavens, B. A., Hafner, B. J., Briggs, D., & Smith, R. O. (2013). Leg Laterality Differences in Persons with Bilateral Transtibial Amputation: A Pilot Study using Prosthesis-Integrated Load Cells. Journal of Prosthetics & Orthotics, 25(4), 168-176.
Slavens, B. A., Bhagchandani, N., Wang, M., Smith, P. A., & Harris, G. F. (2011). Upper Extremity Motion Analysis of Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait in Children with Orthopaedic Disabilities. Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, 3(5), 218-227.
Slavens, B. A., Bhagchandani, N., Wang, M., Smith, P. A., & Harris, G. F. (2011). An Upper Extremity Inverse Dynamics Model for Pediatric Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait. Journal of Biomechanics, 44(11), 2162-2167.
Slavens, B. A., Sturm, P. F., & Harris, G. F. (2010). Upper Extremity Inverse Dynamics Model for Crutch-Assisted Gait Assessment. Journal of Biomechanics, 43(10), 2026-2031.
Slavens, B. A., Sturm, P. F., Bajournaite, R., & Harris, G. F. (2009). Upper Extremity Dynamics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait in Children with Myelomeningocele. Gait and Posture, 30(4), 511-517.
Slavens, B. A., Guan, Y. & Harris, G. F. (2009). Finite Element Analysis of the Forearm Crutch During Reciprocal and Swing-Through Gait. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 45, 310-315.
Slavens, B. A., & Harris, G. F. (2008). The Biomechanics of Upper Extremity Kinematic and Kinetic Modeling: Applications to Rehabilitation Engineering. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 36(2-3), 93-125.
Slavens, B. A., Frantz, J., Sturm, P. F., & Harris, G. F. (2007). Upper Extremity Dynamics of Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait in Children with Myelomeningocele. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 30, 77-83.
Slavens, B. A., & Harris, G. F. (2012). Biomechanics. InZ. O. Abu-Faraj (Ed.), Biomedical Engineering Education and Advanced Bioengineering Learning: Interdisciplinary Concepts (pp. 284-338). IGI Global: Hershey, PA.
Slavens, B. A., Bhagchandani, N., Wang, M., Smith, P. A., & Harris, G. F. (In press). Upper Extremity Inverse Dynamics Model for Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait in Children with Osteogenesis Imperfecta. In G. F. Harris, F. Rauch, & P. Smith (Eds.), Transitional Care in Osteogenesis Imperfecta: Advances in Biology, Technology, and Clinical Practice. Shriners Press: Tampa, FL.
Recent Funded Grants
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II. IntelliWheels: The Automatic Transmission for Manually Propelled Wheelchairs. 8/1/2014-7/31/2016
UWM CHS Stimulus Program to Accelerate Research Clusters (SPARC). Development of a Clinical Toolkit for Real-time Visualization of Lower Limb Amputee Gait. 7/2014-12/2015.
National Science Foundation (NSF) Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power (CCEFP). Soft Pneumatic Actuator for Arm Orthosis. UWM sub-award total funding 6/1/2014-5/31/2016.
Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) on Technologies for Children with Orthopaedic Disabilities, R4: Advanced Mobility Modeling to Improve Function and Longer Term Transitional Care of Children with Orthopedic Disabilities, Award Number H133E100007, 10/2010-9/2015.
Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation Engineering Career Development Program (IREK12) in Movement and Rehabilitation Sciences. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute Of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Award Number K12HD073945, 5/2013-5/2015
Honors & Awards
- NIH National Center for Simulation in Rehabilitation Research (NCSRR) Travel Award for the Advanced User’s Group Meeting. Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, 2014.
- Training in Grantsmanship for Rehabilitation Research (TIGRR) Workshop. Chapel Hill, NC, January 15-19, 2013.
- United States Bone and Joint Decade (USBJD) Young Investigator’s Initiative Grant Writing Workshop. Chicago, IL, November 2-4, 2012.
- Dean's Research Award, College of Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2012
- United States Bone and Joint Decade (USBJD) Young Investigator’s Initiative Grant Writing Workshop. Toronto, Canada, November 6-8, 2009.
- Best Professional Paper Award, Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium (RMBS), 2009
- Enhancing Rehabilitation Research in the South (ERRIS) Intensive Workshop on Grant Writing, Preparation, and Submission in Rehabilitation Research, Charlottesville, VA, 2009
- Gait and Clinical Movement Analysis Society (GCMAS) Best Student Presentation Award, 2008
- Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) Student Scientific Paper Award, 2007
- Howard H. Steel Conference: Injuries and Dysfunction of the Spinal Cord in Children Travel Award, 2006
- Rev. John P. Raynor, S.J. Fellowship, Marquette University, 2005-2006
- Gait and Clinical Movement Analysis Society (GCMAS) Student Conference Award, sponsored by Whitaker Foundation, 2004
- Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI), Medical College of Wisconsin
- Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee
- Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Engineering Center, Milwaukee, WI
- Marquette University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Milwaukee, WI
- Shriners Hospitals for Children, Chicago, IL
- Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Milwaukee, WI
- Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- Rehabilitation Research Design and Disability (R2D2) Center, UWM, Milwaukee, WI
- Center for Ergonomics, UWM, Milwaukee, WI
- University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
- IntelliWheels, Inc.
- American Society of Biomechanics (ASB)
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)-Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS)
- Gait and Clinical Motion Analysis Society (GCMAS)
- Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA)
Current and Previous Activities
In the News
- UWM Researcher Working to Improve Mobility for Wheelchair Users
- Hot Wheelchair: A new kind of manual wheelchair adjusts to users’ needs.