Mark V. Johnston, Ph.D., FACRM

Professor, Chair

[Image] Mark Johnston

Enderis Hall, Room 963
Phone: (414) 229-3616
Fax: (414) 229-5100


Occupational Science & Technology, Rehabilitiation Research Design & Disability (R2D2) Center


  • Ph.D., Psychology, Claremont Graduate University, 1984
  • M.A., Psychology, California State University at Los Angeles, 1975
  • B.S., Economics, University of Chicago, 1968

Speaker Topics

  • Evidence Based Practice in Health-related Rehabilitation
  • Measurement of Rehabilitation Outcomes and Quality of Care
  • Research Methodology
  • Cost-effectiveness and Value of Alternative Interventions
  • Care Coordination for People with Disabilities and Chronic Conditions

Interests & Expertise

Dr. Johnston’s research has centered about questions of measurement of activity, health, and quality of life outcomes after health-related rehabilitation, factors predicting or determining these outcomes, including personal factors and care system factors, evaluation of the effectiveness of interventions using both experimental and quasiexperimental research designs, and the synthesis and utilization of best evidencepractice, that is, evidence-based practice.

His research has addressed the needs of people with many types of disability and chronic-illnesses but has particularly focused on activity-based interventions for groups with neurological disabilities such as traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, and stroke.

Dr. Johnston is an experienced investigator, having served as Principal Investigator on 7 research grants with funding of several million (over $4.5 million as of 2009), although he has more frequently served as Co-Investigator (16 grants), providing methodological support to research teams. He had published 59 peer reviewed scientific studies, 19 chapters, and 13 reviews (9 peer reviewed), as of 2009.

Dr. Johnston also has considerable experience as Project Director and mentor to post-Doctoral Fellows and Doctoral students, providing advanced, multidisciplinary training in rehabilitation research skills and strategy.

Recent Publications

Johnston, M. V., Dijkers, M. P. (2012). Toward improved evidence standards and methods for rehabilitation: recommendations and challenges. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 93(8 Suppl 2), 185-199.

Pizur-Barnekow, K., Darragh, A., & Johnston, M. (2011). “I cried because I didn’t know if I could take care of him”. Toward a taxonomy of interactive and critical health literacy as portrayed by caregivers of children with special health care needs. Journal of Health Communication, 16, 205-211.

Johnston, M. V., & Smith, R. O. (2010). Single Subject Designs: Current Methodologies and Future Directions. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 30, 2-6.

Johnston, M. V., & Tomashek, D. (2009). Poster 93: Adverse Outcomes Following Inpatient Rehabilitation: Predictive Relationships in a Nationwide Database. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(10), e40.

Tomashek, D., & Johnston, M. V. (2009). Poster 92: Comparison of Diagnostic Groupings as Predictors of Mortality After Inpatient Rehabilitation. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(10), e39-e40.

Yu, H., Johnston, M. V., & Cohen, A. (2009). Are Figure Legends Sufficient? Evaluating the Contribution of Associated Text to Biomedical Figure Comprehension. Journal of Biomedical Discovery and Collaboration, 4.

Johnston, M. V., & Case-Smith, J. (2009). Development and Testing of Interventions in Occupational Therapy: Towards a New Generation of Research in Occupational Therapy. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 29(1), 4-13.

Hwang, K., Johnston, M. V., & Smith, J. K. (2009). Adult Attachment Styles and Life Satisfaction in Individuals with Physical Disabilities. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 4(3), 295-310.

Yu, H., Agarwal, S., Johnston, M., & Cohen, A. (2009). Are figure legends sufficient? Evaluating the contributionof associated text to biomedical figure comprehension. Journal of Biomedical Discovery and Collaboration, 4(1). Accepteed and published 6 January 2009. Publication at: Confirmed January 18, 2009.

Johnston, M. V., Vanderheiden, G. C., Farkas, M. D., Rogers, E. S., Summers, J. A., & Westbrook, J. D. (2009). The Challenge of Evidence in Disability and Rehabilitation Research and Practice: A Position Paper. National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research Task Force on Standards of Evidence and Methods, Austin, TX: SEDL

Johnston, M. V., & Graves, D. E. (2008). Towards Guidelines for Evaluation of Measures: An Introduction with Application to Spinal Cord Injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 31(1), 13-26.

Goverover, Y., Johnston, M. V., et al. (2007). Treatment to improve self-awareness in persons with acquired brain injury. Brain Inj, 21(9), 913-23.

Johnston, M. V., Graves, D. E., & Greene, M. T. (2007). The Uniform Post-Acute Assessment Tool: Systematically Evaluating the Quality of Measurement Evidence. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 88(11), 1505-12.

Hwang, K., Johnston, M., Smith, J. K. (2007). Romantic attachment in individuals with physical disabilities. Rehabilitation Psychology, 52(2), 184-195.

Recent Funded Grants

  • work to discover reasons for the increasing rates of medical instability, mortality, and rehospitalization that many disability groups have experienced following rehabilitation nationwide, and
  • work to develop better - more rigorous yet sensitive - standards and methods for synthesis of evidence on the effectiveness of rehabilitation.

Professional Memberships

  • Co-Chair of the Clinical Practice Committee of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
  • Facilitator of the Task Force on Standards and Methods of Evidence, National Center for Dissemination of Disability Research, funded by NIDRR.