Transportation Research Board
Committee on Public Transportation Planning and Development - AP025

 

BEST PRACTICES: COORDINATION OF TRANSIT, REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND LAND USE:

 

RELEVANT REPORTS AND RESOURCES

 

Transit at the Table

This FTA report presents the observations, perspectives, and recommendations of a cross-section of transit agencies from large metropolitan areas on how to secure strategic positions in the metropolitan planning process. More importantly, the report can be a guide on how to use those positions to win policy and program support for priority transit services. The challenges to achieving full decision making partnerships in regional settings, the most effective strategies for addressing these challenges, and the rewards of partnerships are presented by transit industry leaders using their own experiences.

http://www.fta.dot.gov/planning/metro/planning_environment_3544.html

 

Transit at the Table II; A Guide to Participation in Metropolitan Transportation Decision making for Transit Agencies in Small- And Medium-Sized Metropolitan Areas

A follow up to the first transit at the table report with a focus on smaller metropolitan areas.
http://www.planning.dot.gov/documents/TransPlanning/TransTableII.pdf

 

Trends Affecting Public Transit Effectiveness: A Review and Proposed Actions

This report, prepared for APTA, examines the impact of demographic and socio-economic trends, changes in land use and mobility patterns, societal changes and concerns, emerging professional practices, and other trends that will impact the future effectiveness of transit. It assesses challenges and opportunities, potential actions and key questions, and the Appendices provide a valuable summary of key concepts (e.g. smart growth, sustainable transportation, etc.), as well as a listing of a wide range of resources on the web for those who desire more information. One of the key findings was that many current planning practices are supportive of transit, but that transit agencies need to provide leadership to encourage transit-supportive development.

http://www.apta.com/government_affairs/policy/documents/trends_affecting.pdf

 

Basic Course material on Public Transportation

An on-line primer on public transit that gives an overview of basic background information useful to understand how transit systems can be planned and developed. Topics include: understanding transit demand, transit benefits, new starts procedures, technology options, analysis procedures, operations planning, performance evaluation and route location. Material is presented in both power point and lecture format. The course is also available in an online format from the University of Wisconsin Extension

http://www4.uwm.edu/cuts/utp/

http://uwm.edu/sce/courses/introduction-to-transit-planning/

 

Center for Transit-Oriented Development (Reconnecting America)

This site contains many resources and reports on Transit-Oriented Development includes guidebooks on best practices and impact studies.
http://www.reconnectingamerica.org/public/practices

 

Improving Transit Integration Among Multiple Providers

TCRP Report 173: Improving Transit Integration Among Multiple Providers presents a comprehensive set of guidelines and procedures to assist transit agencies in evaluating, planning, and implementing steps to integrate transit services in areas with multiple transit provid- ers. The report comprises two volumes: the Transit Integration Manual and the Research Report.
Volume I: Transit Integration Manual <http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_173v1.pdf>
Volume II: Research Report  <http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_173v2.pdf>

Characteristics of Premium Transit Services that Affect Choice of Mode
TCRP Report 166: Characteristics of Premium Transit Services that Affect Choice of Mode explores the full range of determinants for transit travel behavior and offers solutions to those seeking to represent and distinguish transit characteristics in travel forecasting models.  The report appendixes include a state-of-the-practice literature review, survey instruments, models estimated by the research team, model testing, and model implementation and calibration results. The models demonstrate a potential approach for including non-traditional transit service attributes in the representation of both transit supply (networks) and demand (mode choice models), and reducing the magnitude of the modal-specific constant term while maintaining the model ability to forecast transit ridership.
http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_166.pdf

Transforming Public Transportation Institutional and Business Models
TCRP Report 159: Transforming Public Transportation Institutional and Business Models offers strategy for defining and implementing transformative change in institutional and business models, thus facilitating the operation and maintenance of public transportation systems. The report identifies the components of transformative change and examines potential consequences of change.
http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_159.pdf

 

Bus Transit Service in Land Development Planning

TRB's TCRP Synthesis 67: Bus Transit Service in Land Development Planning examines successful strategies that assist in the incorporation of bus transit service into land developments, as well as the challenges that transit agencies face when attempting to do so. The report also explores the state of the practice regarding the use and components of transit agency development guidelines.

http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_syn_67.pdf

 

Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes: Chapter 15-Land Use and Site Design

TRB's TCRP Report 95: Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes, Chapter 17--Transit-Oriented Development explores the transit-oriented development (TOD) land use strategy and its transportation impacts in terms of regional context, land use mix, and primary transit mode. TOD generally refers to higher-density development, with pedestrian priority, located within easy walking distance of a major public transit station or stop.

http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_95c17.pdf

 

Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes: Chapter 17-Transit-Oriented Development

TRB's TCRP Report 95: Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes, Chapter 17--Transit-Oriented Development explores the transit-oriented development (TOD) land use strategy and its transportation impacts in terms of regional context, land use mix, and primary transit mode. TOD generally refers to higher-density development, with pedestrian priority, located within easy walking distance of a major public transit station or stop.

http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_95c17.pdf

 

Transit-Oriented Development in the United States--Experiences, Challenges, and Prospects

TRB's TCRP Report 102: Transit-Oriented Development in the United States--Experiences, Challenges, and Prospects examines the state of the practice and the benefits of transit-oriented development and joint development throughout the United States.
http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_102.pdf

The Role of Transit in Creating Livable Metropolitan Communities
TRB's TCRP Report 22: combines guidelines and case studies to provide a comprehensive approach for improving community livability and transit ridership in the United States.
http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_22-a.pdf

 

Challenges in Deploying and Achieving the Full Potential of Transit ITS; a Discussion Paper (PT-ITS #15-1)
Transit Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies have been developed and refined over the last 20 years, and provide many potential benefits to transit systems to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of the services to their clients. However, many challenges exist; this Discussion Paper will provide a high level strategic discussion of the many organizational and technical challenges facing transit systems with respect to fully utilizing the potential offered by Transit ITS technologies, and develop suggestions aimed at the transit industry on possible avenues for addressing these challenges.
http://www4.uwm.edu/cuts/trb/conf/papers/ITS1.pdf

The Use of Transit ITS Data for Planning and Management, and Its Challenges; a Discussion Paper (PT-ITS #15-2)
The data created by Transit Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies (e.g. Automatic Vehicle Location, Automatic Passenger Counting, Advanced Fare Collection) are an incredibly valuable resource to enhance planning and management, and support business processes and decision-making. This can greatly enhance the ability for managers to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the services provided by transit systems. However, transit agency staff often remain perplexed by the volume and complexity of the data and the challenges in using it. The objectives of this discussion paper are to: 1) provide a high-level overview of the potential uses of Transit ITS data for planning and management purposes, 2) identify the various challenges in using the data, and 3) recommend research and other initiatives that would enable transit agencies to make more effective use of the data.
http://www4.uwm.edu/cuts/trb/conf/papers/ITS2.pdf

 

Using Archived AVL-APC  Data to Improve Transit Performance and Management

TRB's TCRP Report 113: explores the effective collection and use of archived automatic vehicle location (AVL) and automatic passenger counter (APC) data to improve the planning and management of transit systems. TCRP Web Document 23 contains case studies and other materials

http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_113.pdf

TCRP Web Document 23: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_webdoc_23.pdf 

 

NOTE: TCRP reports are available from TCRP-OnLine at:

www.tcrponline.org

 

Transit-Friendly Development Design Guidelines


One of the key findings from the conference is that transit agencies need to be more pro-active in articulating for developers and municipal planners the key requirements for transit-friendly development.   A recent TCRP Synthesis found that only 28% of transit systems have developed Design Guidelines.   Such Design guidelines should cover at the very least the following elements:
- Site planning and pedestrian orientation
- Traffic engineering (road geometry, turning radius, bus paths through development, turn-around loops/layover spots, etc.)
- Bus stop placement
- Bus stop design and amenities
- Pedestrian capture area:  accessibility and walkability

The following documents provide various examples of Transit-Friendly Design Guidelines that are available from the web:

AC Transit:
http://www.actransit.org/planning-focus/reports/323-2/

Pace:
http://www.pacebus.com/pdf/development_guidelines.pdf

Calgary Transit: Transit Friendly Design Guide
https://www.calgarytransit.com/sites/default/files/reports/transit_friendly.pdf

Vancouver-TransLink Transit-Oriented Communities Resources (including Transit-Oriented Communities Design Guidelines and Transit Passenger Facility Design Guidelines):
http://www.translink.ca/en/Plans-and-Projects/Transit-Oriented-Communities/Resources.aspx

 

Ontario (Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing):
http://www.mah.gov.on.ca/Page6855.aspx