Transportation Research Board
Committee on Public Transportation Planning and Development - AP025
BEST PRACTICES: COORDINATION OF
TRANSIT, REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
Transit at the Table
This FTA report presents the observations, perspectives, and recommendations of a cross-section of transit agencies from large metropolitan areas on how to secure strategic positions in the metropolitan planning process. More importantly, the report can be a guide on how to use those positions to win policy and program support for priority transit services. The challenges to achieving full decision making partnerships in regional settings, the most effective strategies for addressing these challenges, and the rewards of partnerships are presented by transit industry leaders using their own experiences.
Transit at the Table II; A Guide to Participation in Metropolitan Transportation Decision making for Transit Agencies in Small- And Medium-Sized Metropolitan Areas
A follow up to the first transit at the table report
with a focus on smaller metropolitan areas.
Trends Affecting Public Transit Effectiveness: A Review and Proposed Actions
This report, prepared for APTA, examines the impact of demographic and socio-economic trends, changes in land use and mobility patterns, societal changes and concerns, emerging professional practices, and other trends that will impact the future effectiveness of transit. It assesses challenges and opportunities, potential actions and key questions, and the Appendices provide a valuable summary of key concepts (e.g. smart growth, sustainable transportation, etc.), as well as a listing of a wide range of resources on the web for those who desire more information. One of the key findings was that many current planning practices are supportive of transit, but that transit agencies need to provide leadership to encourage transit-supportive development.
Basic Course material on Public Transportation
on-line primer on public transit that gives an overview of basic background
information useful to understand how transit systems can be planned and
include: understanding transit demand, transit benefits, new starts procedures,
technology options, analysis procedures, operations planning, performance
evaluation and route location. Material is presented in both power point and
lecture format. The course is also available in an online format from the
Center for Transit-Oriented
This site contains many
resources and reports on Transit-Oriented Development
includes guidebooks on best practices and impact studies.
Improving Transit Integration Among Multiple Providers
TCRP Report 173: Improving
Transit Integration Among Multiple Providers presents
a comprehensive set of guidelines and procedures to assist transit agencies in
evaluating, planning, and implementing steps to integrate transit services in
areas with multiple transit provid- ers. The report comprises two volumes: the Transit
Integration Manual and the Research Report.
Volume I: Transit Integration Manual <http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_173v1.pdf>
Volume II: Research Report <http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_173v2.pdf>
Characteristics of Premium Transit Services that Affect Choice of Mode
TCRP Report 166: Characteristics of Premium Transit Services that Affect Choice of Mode explores the full range of determinants for transit travel behavior and offers solutions to those seeking to represent and distinguish transit characteristics in travel forecasting models. The report appendixes include a state-of-the-practice literature review, survey instruments, models estimated by the research team, model testing, and model implementation and calibration results. The models demonstrate a potential approach for including non-traditional transit service attributes in the representation of both transit supply (networks) and demand (mode choice models), and reducing the magnitude of the modal-specific constant term while maintaining the model ability to forecast transit ridership.
Transforming Public Transportation Institutional and Business Models
TCRP Report 159: Transforming Public Transportation Institutional and Business Models offers strategy for defining and implementing transformative change in institutional and business models, thus facilitating the operation and maintenance of public transportation systems. The report identifies the components of transformative change and examines potential consequences of change.
Bus Transit Service in Land Development Planning
Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes: Chapter 15-Land Use and Site Design
Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes: Chapter 17-Transit-Oriented Development
The Role of Transit in Creating Livable Metropolitan Communities
Challenges in Deploying and Achieving the Full Potential of Transit ITS;
a Discussion Paper (PT-ITS #15-1)
Transit Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies have been developed and refined over the last 20 years, and provide many potential benefits to transit systems to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of the services to their clients. However, many challenges exist; this Discussion Paper will provide a high level strategic discussion of the many organizational and technical challenges facing transit systems with respect to fully utilizing the potential offered by Transit ITS technologies, and develop suggestions aimed at the transit industry on possible avenues for addressing these challenges.
The Use of Transit ITS Data for Planning and Management, and Its Challenges; a Discussion Paper (PT-ITS #15-2)
The data created by Transit Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies (e.g. Automatic Vehicle Location, Automatic Passenger Counting, Advanced Fare Collection) are an incredibly valuable resource to enhance planning and management, and support business processes and decision-making. This can greatly enhance the ability for managers to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the services provided by transit systems. However, transit agency staff often remain perplexed by the volume and complexity of the data and the challenges in using it. The objectives of this discussion paper are to: 1) provide a high-level overview of the potential uses of Transit ITS data for planning and management purposes, 2) identify the various challenges in using the data, and 3) recommend research and other initiatives that would enable transit agencies to make more effective use of the data.
TCRP Web Document 23: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_webdoc_23.pdf
NOTE: TCRP reports are available from TCRP-OnLine at:
Transit-Friendly Development Design Guidelines
One of the key findings from the conference is that transit agencies need to be more pro-active in articulating for developers and municipal planners the key requirements for transit-friendly development. A recent TCRP Synthesis found that only 28% of transit systems have developed Design Guidelines. Such Design guidelines should cover at the very least the following elements:
- Site planning and pedestrian orientation
- Traffic engineering (road geometry, turning radius, bus paths through development, turn-around loops/layover spots, etc.)
- Bus stop placement
- Bus stop design and amenities
- Pedestrian capture area: accessibility and walkability
The following documents provide various examples of Transit-Friendly Design Guidelines that are available from the web:
Calgary Transit: Transit Friendly Design Guide
Vancouver-TransLink Transit-Oriented Communities Resources (including Transit-Oriented Communities Design Guidelines and Transit Passenger Facility Design Guidelines):