May 3, 2013
Dr. Zengwang Xu, Geography, has been awarded 2013-14 Research Growth Initiative funding for "Modeling the Diffusion and Intervention of H5N1 in a Realistically Connected Population in Milwaukee City: A Social Spatial Network Approach". RGI is "an internal seed-funding competition aimed at enhancing the university's research and scholarly work, and supporting the state's economic development through innovation."
This project studies the diffusion and intervention of the influenza flu virus (H5N1) in a socially and spatially connected population in the city of Milwaukee. We connect the diverse population in the city of Milwaukee as a dynamic social and spatial network through transportation modeling, and investigate how the H5N1 would diffuse in the city that is composed of population of different social, economic, and demographic statuses, and how the different cohorts affect and are affected by the epidemic diffusion and the effective spatially heterogeneous intervention strategies. It aims to study the epidemic diffusion and intervention in an intracity population modeled with high realism and investigate: (1) social and demographic effects on diffusion of directly transmitted infectious diseases; (2) effective spatially heterogeneous intervention strategies; and (3) simpler household demographic model for intercity epidemic diffusion.
April 1, 2013
Original press release
February 5, 2013
By Dan Holtz, Leader-Telegram, Eau Claire (reprinted with permission)
Chris Jaeger doesn’t wear a badge or carry a gun. He is also not a sworn officer, meaning he cannot make arrests. But if you ask Jaeger’s supervisors at the Eau Claire Police Department, his work is crucial for patrol officers and detectives to do their jobs more effectively.
Jaeger is the Police Department’s crime analyst. His tool of the trade is primarily a computer.
His position “is part of our overall strategy to provide research- and evidence-based policing on the street,” Eau Claire Police Chief Jerry Matysik said. Jaeger provides objective data the department’s officers can rely upon to make decisions. He puts the city’s crime data into easily understandable maps and charts, “which helps us understand what’s driving crime and where it’s located,” Matysik said.
“If we’re going to have limited resources, then having a crime analyst in place helps us allocate those resources in the right spots,” he said.
Lt. Matt Rokus, a supervisor in the detective division, said Jaeger’s work as a crime analyst is very valuable. Detectives focus not only on solving crimes, but also on addressing and preventing crime trends. The crime analyst helps identify trends and links between individuals, Rokus said.
“In the past investigators had to do more research and report reading to accurately identify a trend or a pattern,” he said. “Now they can use the time they normally would have spent poring through reports doing investigative work.”
Deputy Chief Chad Hoyord, who oversees the department’s patrol division, explained patrol officers are divided into three districts throughout the city and each district has six beats. With 18 beat areas in the city, Jaeger identifies areas with potential crime, quality of life or traffic issues. “He just gives us a better opportunity to evaluate what’s going on,” Hoyord said.
For example, Jaeger’s data analysis helps officers determine whether certain traffic crashes are related to specific intersections and if more traffic enforcement is needed in certain areas of the city, he said.
“(Jaeger) allows us to take a wider look at things,” Hoyord said. “He has saved us a ton of time. His work allows us to do our job more accurately and quicker.”
Eau Claire police hired its first crime analyst in 2008. Jaeger joined the department in April 2011.
Jaeger, 25, earned his bachelor’s degree in criminology and law studies from Marquette University and received a graduate certificate from UW-Milwaukee in geographic information systems.
He provides frequent reports to officers and takes raw data and turns it into charts and maps. He frequently puts out bulletins to officers if he spots a trend. Last year Jaeger discovered a series of open and unlocked garages in Eau Claire that were entered into, and that there wasn’t a certain type of tool or equipment that was targeted. But he also discovered that graffiti was a common factor in these cases and the crimes were centered in a small geographic area of the city. He also tracked the specific times of the day the crimes occurred. “I am more geared to find out that information. I put out a twopage bulletin. It was a snapshot of what was going on so officers could recognize that activity,” Jaeger said.
His analytical mind gears itself perfectly to his job, he said. “I get to do research projects every day. It’s engaging. You’re scanning for issues,” he said. “I think of it as a puzzle. It’s fun having an opportunity to work on changing issues. I get to work with all members of the department, and being able to interact department-wide is enjoyable as well.”
Jaeger also prepares reports that police forward to the Eau Claire County district attorney’s office for prosecution. “I get to be part of all these working parts,” he said.
The crime analyst position also changed how officers are scheduled, said Kyle Roder, the Police Department’s community relations officer. In the past, the department divided officers into three separate eight-hour day, evening and overnight shifts to cover each 24-hour period. With the aid of the crime analyst to determine when the most activity occurred, the department developed overlapping shifts to better address the workload at various times of the day, Roder said. “At six o’clock in the morning we don’t need as many officers as we do at five o’clock at night,” he said.
Having a crime analyst helps the Police Department rely on data “instead of anecdotes and what we feel is happening,” Matysik said. “We want to be proactive instead of reactive and implement solutions. We try to get to the underlying issue and what’s driving that,” he said. “We can identify the problem and get to the heart of the issue to interrupt the crime trend rather than let it run its course and create more victims.”
With the exception of 1999, total crimes committed in Eau Claire in seven out of the past eight years are the lowest they’ve been since 1979. The FBI’s uniform crime reporting standards recognize eight categories of offenses that reflect the most serious crimes: homicide, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft and arson.
The fact that most of those reduced-crime years have come since the Police Department gained a crime analyst is not a coincidence, Matysik said. “That’s not just happenstance. There are several factors involved, but I am a firm believer police can play a significant role in reducing crime in a community,” he said. “The crime analyst is part of the department’s move toward research-based strategies. I believe the success of those efforts are reflected in the annual numbers.”
Jaeger also can update officers as to the individuals who generate the most police contact in the city for both criminal and noncriminal issues, Matysik said. “A fairly small number of people generate a lot of our activity,” he said. “Without having a crime analyst to look at the data, it’s really hard to intervene.”
March 27, 2013
The GIS Council welcomes new Urban Planning faculty member, Robert Schneider. Dr. Schneider earned his Ph.D. in City and Regional Planning from UC Berkeley in May 2011 and conducted post-doctoral research at the UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies and the UC Berkeley Safe Transportation Research & Education Center. His research focuses on sustainable transportation, travel behavior and the built environment, and transportation analysis methods. Dr. Schneider is a great addition to our faculty!
December 12, 2012
Service learning, through the UWM Institute for Service Learning, connects students with the real world side of their coursework, bringing social and cultural issues into focus and providing significant benefits to the more than 200 local nonprofit organizations which host our students.
With the support of a Community/University Partnership (CUP) Grant for the purchase of a Portable Global Positioning System (GPS) unit, service learners will be able to contribute significantly to the Milwaukee River Greenway Coalition's management of the Greenway, enabling students to gather accurate data on the location of invasive species, watershed boundaries, soft trails, and critical species habitat in the Greenway.
During the Fall 2012 semester, students from Geography 125 used a GPS to obtain reference points to map a number of trails along the Milwaukee River. They combined a number of sources of information into a series of maps.
October 1, 2012
As my time here at the MatSu Borough draws to an end, I must take a moment or two to reflect and internalize all the little things that has given me a deeper understanding of what I learned in my academics as well as new skills acquired during my tenure.
The biggest and most important experience was just spending time watching the workflow in a typical GIS department. The team work that I witnessed was phenomenal. There were at least three major projects in progress at the same time as all the other routine daily chores that had to be done, such as addressing for new and existing building lots and maintaining right of way drawings and database.
The three major projects were:
- The Borough was preparing new voting districts to match the new ten year census and this required a major contribution of time from the GIS department. I was not involved in this effort.
- Over the years, the GIS database had become spatially out of sync with the associated background imagery. Lot lines and other boundary lines no longer lined up with the aerial photographs used as backgrounds for the map books used by emergency responders. As a result, it was becoming difficult to tell exactly where people lived and where right of ways and easements were located. A “survey team” was tasked with finding the sub-foot locations of section corners and lot corners using a Trimble GHX professional mapping grade GPS. These locations were then used to gently “rubber sheet” or re-align the GIS data in AutoCAD/ARCMap to a more proper alignment. I was allowed to help the survey team for a couple of days and in that time I gained a wealth of knowledge about plat maps and how to use a metal detector properly. Ask me sometime what a Basis of Bearings is, and I will be glad to tell you all I learned from Suzy, Jeremiah and Mason.
- The last major project involved new LiDAR and orthorectified aerial photographs. In partnership with other government agencies and academic institutions, the Borough was in the process of purchasing new one foot and half foot resolution four band Ortho-photographs and LiDAR maps. This was the project with which I spent most of my time. The photographs had to be visually inspected for such things as excessive building tilt, excessive shadows/cloud cover, missing pixels with no data, edge matching between tiles, smearing, unusual artifacts, and general appearance. Believe me, I have seen enough photos of trees to last me a good long time. But thanks to Jim, Susan, Heather and Phil, I gained a valuable understanding of and how to interpret ground cover from an aerial photographic perspective and how aerial photographic tiles are spliced together.
The last two projects listed above were basically done to support of the 9-1-1 emergency responder effort in the Borough. Knowing exactly where people live in the Alaskan bush can be a very daunting task and can take up precious time during a life threatening situation.
I found the working atmosphere in the GIS Department to be the most professional in which I have ever worked – and I’ve had the occasion to work in many offices. Interns many times find themselves ignored by other staff members but I found this not to be the case. All staff members were very kind and considerate of me. Even though I am sure I asked way more questions than I should have and I must have seemed like a pest or at least a minor annoyance, everyone treated me with respect. I take with me fond memories of everyone who touched my life at the MatSu Borough Office and I send a big thank you to you all!
Finally, I want to thank Shannon and Jim for giving me the opportunity to work in the Borough office and for the kindness shown me when I had to deal with an unexpected death in my family. This whole wonderful experience would not have been possible if they had not said yes to my request.
September 30, 2012
The Center for Information Policy Research welcomes Dr. Rina Ghose as the 2012-2013 Senior Research Fellow.
Dr. Ghose is an associate professor in the UW-Milwaukee Department of Geography, with research interests in Critical GIS/GIS and Society, which aims to critically examine the intertwined relationships between GIS and society through the lens of various social theories. Specifically, Dr. Ghose's research examines ethical and legal issues related to "big geographic data" systems (such as GPS and RFID systems), as well as concerns of equitable access to GIS systems and data for citizen participation and activism.
Some of Dr. Ghose's recent publications and presentations include:
- 2012. Ghose, R. “Qualitative GIS in Urban Justice Research”. Paper presentation at the International GIScience Conference, Columbus, Ohio, 18-21 September.
- 2012 Mukherjee, F. and Ghose, R. “Exploring the Complexities of Community Engaged GIS”, International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research. Vol.3, no. 4, 87-102.
- 2012 Day, P. and Ghose, R. “E-Planning through the Wisconsin Land Information Program: The Contexts of
Power, Politics and Scale”. International Journal of E-Planning Research, vol. 1, no. 1, 75-89.
As a Senior Research Fellow at CIPR, Dr. Ghose will collaborate with CIPR Director Dr. Michael Zimmer on research projects projects related to GIS and society, especially focused on the ethical and policy dimensions of "big data" within the GIS context.
Please join us in welcoming Dr. Ghose at her October 19 lunch presentation on "Bridging the Geospatial Divide through Public Participation GIS". Details here.
August 14, 2012
Marcy Bidney has been named Curator of the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries. She succeeds Christopher Baruth, who retired in 2011 with emeritus status after working at AGS Library for 31 years, including 16 years as Curator.
Bidney previously was Assistant Professor and Head of the Donald W. Hamer Maps Library, University Libraries, at Pennsylvania State University (2007-2012) and Unit Coordinator, Governmental and Legal Information Unit, and Maps/GIS Librarian, Leslie F. Malpass Library, at Western Illinois University (2003-2007).
She earned her MLIS, magna cum laude, from Drexel University; her MA, magna cum laude, in Geography/Urban Studies, from Temple University; and her BA, summa cum laude, in Geography, from Rowan University.
Bidney has published articles in the Journal of Map and Geography Libraries (“Can Coordinates in Catalog Records Be Useful?”), OCLC Systems and Services (“Creating the Virtual Map Drawer: Bridging the Gap between Spatial Data Infrastructures and Map Libraries”), and other journals, and has delivered numerous presentations at national and international conferences.
She has served on several editorial and advisory boards, including Resources for College Libraries, a cooperative project of the Association of College Libraries, Choice Magazine and Bowker (2009-present).
Bidney’s professional affiliations include the American Library Association (where she has served as Chair of the Map and Geography Roundtable, 2010-11, and Co-chair of the Government Documents Roundtable, 2008-2010); Cartographic Users Advisory Counsel (Co-chair, 2009-11); International Federation of Library Associations (Government Information and Official Publications Committee, Secretary, 2006-11); and Association of American Geographers.
September 6, 2012
This year I was fortunate enough to be one of four UWM students to attend the International Esri User’s Conference in San Diego, CA. Most of the associated costs of attending the conference were funded through a grant the GIS club was awarded by the UWM Student Activities Fund. The group included Jason Glen Tilidetzke, the GIS club president, William Mobley, Michael Kavalar, and myself. Upon arriving at the San Diego Convention Center, it was clear this wasn’t your average convention. The scale itself was amazing; thousands gathered in one room with three movie screen size projections at the opening plenary session. The breadth of topics was equally large ranging from advanced geospatial statistics to proper labeling of maps.
On Monday evening, Michael, William, and I were lucky enough to present a poster we submitted in conjunction with the Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District at the Map Gallery Opening Reception. It was exciting to be a part of such a large and impressive event and see the reaction people had to our poster analyzing the connection of Historical Streams to current flooding in the Milwaukee Region. Once the sessions began on Tuesday the activity and buzz around the convention center really picked up. At any given time there may be over 30 sessions occurring, while hundreds of vendors and Esri staff are presenting ideas and offering solutions to any GIS issue fathomable. The hardest decision was where to spend your time. It was important to maintain a focus and a plan of where and what topics to explore as the possibilities were endless.
Our last day in San Diego was Wednesday, and we made sure to take advantage of all the opportunities that were made available to us. The pinnacle of these opportunities was an invite to the Team Water/Wastewater Pool Party. This proved to be an excellent networking event; in fact, I even had the chance to meet Jack Dangermond and share stories about our Urban Planning Department Chair, Bill Huxhold. In the end, this was an unforgettable and invaluable experience that I will always cherish.
August 24, 2012
Through a UW-Milwaukee Student Activities Organization (SAO) travel grant, four UW-Milwaukee GIS students, Jay Feiker, Mike Kavalar, Will Mobley and I, were able to travel to San Diego for the 2012 Esri User Conference from Monday, July 23rd to Thursday, July 26th.
For anyone new to the conference, it can be overwhelming (but in a good way). When we arrived, the UC plenary session was in progress. Jack Dangermond was speaking to a max capacity audience. It was neat to see all the speakers; especially the SeaSketch project. There are so many informational and workshop sessions to attend, one must preemptively plan out exactly which sessions they will attend. The exhibit hall is where vendors showed off the latest advances in geo-spatial technologies. Additionally, Esri had stations to test their latest software (e.g., CityEngine, etc.), informational kiosks, and mini-sessions on GIS topics. The exhibit hall was filled with massive crowds; easily the busiest part of the conference. Oh, and let’s not forget the map room: hundreds of maps from GIS users across the world. It would take you hours to look at every map.After the daily conferences, our group would meet up with other GIS Wisconsinites at various places downtown. We had the chance to visit Petco Park (where the San Diego Padres play), Balboa Park and Coronado Island. Our last night there, we had the opportunity to attend a GIS party at the Hilton hotel: free food, drinks and appetizers for all conference attendees. Later that night, Jack Dangermond made an appearance, shaking hands and talking to random attendees. Jay Feiker was able to grab some of his time, explaining to him our group was from UW-Milwaukee. Immediately, Mr. Dangermond said, “do you know Bill Huxhold”? It was great to hear the founder of Esri knows UW-Milwaukee and Bill Huxhold.
Overall, I learned a lot from the conference. The sessions were extremely helpful in keeping us updated with current revelations in GIS. The way companies are utilizing GIS is mind-numbing. To talk with and see 15,000 people, all relating to GIS, was an unforgettable experience I hope to have again one day. I highly recommend anyone interested in GIS to go; it’s that good.
URISA GIS Hall of Fame inductee volunteers for a GSDI project in Russia
August 12, 2012 Original Story
Professor William Huxhold, chair and professor of Urban Planning at the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee has been deployed to a GSDI mission in Chelyabinsk, Russia. A 2011 URISA GIS Hall of Fame inductee, Prof. Huxhold will be travelling to Chelyabinsk to present at a seminar at the South Ural State University on November 1-2. His lectures will include several GIS related topics including but not limited to: the history and current status of GIS in the US (at all levels), the role of universities in the GIS industry, an overview of land record management, Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) and related standards, uses of remote sensing, and the state of various GIS datasets in the US.
Spring 2013 Update
For a complete recap of Prof. Huxhold's mission, please see: http://www.giscorps.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=130&Itemid=59
May 29, 2012
Zengwang Xu, Assistant Professor of Geography, received an Esri junior faculty travel award to the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science 2012 Symposium, Building GIScience 2.0, in Washington, D.C. May 29 – June 1, 2012. He will present, “A social-spatial network study on academic networking in the AAG annual conferences, 2005-2012.”
May 22, 2012
Original story by Laura L. Hunt, UW-Milwaukee Communications & Media Relations
A pioneer in the development of municipal applications, Huxhold helped develop the nation’s first computer graphics-based geographic information system for the City of Milwaukee.
He joined the UWM faculty full time in 1991, and developed one of the first university GIS programs. His book, “An Introduction to Urban Geographic Information Systems,” published by Oxford University Press in 1991, was the first textbook that focused specifically on the adoption and use of GIS for city management and governance.
Huxhold’s involvement in urban GIS education has helped thousands of GIS and planning students gain employment in city and county governments across the United States.
During his career, he has served the geospatial community, including terms as president of both the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (URISA) and UCGIS, and on the board of the GIS Certification Institute, which he helped to establish. Last year, URISA inducted Huxhold into its GIS Hall of Fame.
Closer to home, he has worked tirelessly to foster GIS education in the Milwaukee Public Schools, to spread the use of GIS across the UWM campus, and to coordinate professional and university GIS activities in Wisconsin.
His educational background includes a bachelor’s degree in industrial engineering from Northwestern University and a master’s degree in engineering management from the University of Dayton.
Established in 1995, the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) is a nonprofit association of over 70 universities with multidisciplinary graduate education and research activities in geographic information science. UCGIS is a professional hub for the GIS research and education community and serves as a national voice to advocate for its members’ interests.