agoueh aroyo

Agoueh Aroyo (AGWE) represents the depths of the oceans, where perhaps millions perished in the TransAtlantic passage. Described as "a ready strength," his female equivalent is the water deity Lasirenn The Yoruba equivalents are Olokun and Yemoja.

 Aizan Velekhete 

Aizan Velekhete (Ayizan Avlekete) represents the "female principle." She sits in the Haitian Vodou temple, and becomes essential in the initiation of new male and female priests of Vodou. She is represented as the frond of the royal palm tree, the West African symbol of freedom and of the interaction between worlds. She is the main spirit of Jean-Jacques Dessalires, Haiti's first head of state and a national hero. The palm tree is centrally located on the Haitian national flag.

baron cimetiere

Baron Cimetiere and Manman Brigitte (Bawon & Brijit) All cemeteries have a family of spirits that control the "other" crossroads, the passage from life to a different life, "death." That function resides in the Gede family of spirits. Baron Cimetière is the male principle; Manman Brigitte, the female principle. As is the case in the spirit world, who says "death" also says "life." The end of physical existence represents a new beginning. Old people are joined to babies and infants: The Gede love children. (See Manman Brigette symbol, below.)

 Danbhalah and Aida Hwedo

Danbhalah and Aida Hwedo (Danbala and Ayida Wèdo) The divine serpent and the rainbow-- "male and female" respectively. They are wisdom "incarnate", if they were flesh and bones. Their powers reside in the domain of knowledge. They are healers represented in the Egyptian and Western (European) caduceus, the symbol of medicine.

Erzulie Freda Dahoumin

Erzulie Freda Dahoumin (Ezili) is a female principle who "defines" Love in all its sensual attributes. Her sister Erzulie Dantor is motherly love. Freda is a beautiful seductress, difficult and demanding. She loves luxurious items such as perfume and champagne and gold. To man, she is "mistress," rather than spouse.


Grand Bois (Gran Bwa) Haiti lacks a hunting tradition, but has a deity that represents the power of all vegetation and all forests in Grand Bois. This deity is a paramount healer since much of our pharmacopeia is anchored in the vegetal kingdom.

Legba Ati-bon

Legba Ati-bon is the first Spirit called at all ceremonies. He stands at the "Crossroads," he is a master linguist, a trickster. He appears as a very old and crippled man, but appearances are deceiving. He is powerful: He allows for the interaction between the physical world and the metaphysical world, hence the crossroads. In some traditions, he would also be called "the gatekeeper."

Manman Brigitte 

Manman Brigitte (see Baron Cimetiere and Manman Brigitte, above, for description.)

Maraca Dosou

Maraca Dosou/Dosa (Marasa) The Children, the Primordial Couple, the Twins. Their representation is found throughout the African continent. In Yorubaland in Nigeria, they are the "Ibeji." The name Maraca derives from the peoples of the Kongo bassin, where the name is "Mapasa." The Twins are "completed" by the next child, the dosou (male) or dosa (female) whose powers are conflated with the original pair, 1+1=3.