Fred Anapol

Fred Anapol


Office: Sabin 140/125a/115
Phone: (414) 229-4231
Web Page:


Ph.D., State University of New York

Research Interests:

The neuromuscular biology of feeding and locomotion from the perspectives of both evolutionary morphology and function.

Other Activities:

Director, Center for Forensic Science
Faculty member, Neurosciences Program

Selected Publications:

2011 Reed, D.A., L. Porro, J. Iriarte-Diaz, J. Lemberg, C. Holliday, F. Anapol, C.F. Ross. The impact of bone and suture material properties on mandibular function in Alligator mississippiensis: testing theoretical phenotypes with finite element analysis. J. Anatomy 218(1): 59-74.

2011 Porro, L.B., C. M. Holliday, F. Anapol, L. C. Ontiveros, L.T. Ontiveros, C.F. Ross. Free body analysis, beam mechanics, and finite element analysis of the mandible of Alligator mississippiensis. J. Morphol. 272(8):910-937.

2009 Taylor, A.B., C.M. Eng, F.C. Anapol, and C.J. Vinyard. The functional significance of jaw-muscle fiber architecture in tree-gouging marmosets. In The Smallest Anthropoids: The Marmoset/Callimico Radiation, pp. Ford, S.M., L.M. Porter, and L.C. Davis,, (eds.), New York: Springer, pp. 381-394.

2009 Taylor AB, Eng CM, Anapol FC, Vinyard CJ. The functional correlates of jaw-muscle architecture in tree-gouging and nongouging callithrichid monkeys. Am J Phys Anthropol. 139(3):353-367.

2009 Ross, C., D. Reed, R. Washington, A. Eckhardt, F. Anapol, and N. Shahnoor. Scaling of chew cycle duration in Primates. Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol. 138(1): 30-44.

2008 Anapol, F., N. Shahnoor, C. Ross. Scaling of reduced physiologic cross-sectional area in primate muscles of mastication. In Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology, C. Vinyard, M. Ravosa, and CA Wall, (eds.) New York: Springer, pp. 201-216.

2005 Anapol, F., T.R. Turner, C.S. Mott, and C.J. Jolly. Comparative postcranial body shape and locomotion in Chlorocebus aethiops and Cercopithecus mitis. Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol. 127(2):231-239.

2004. Shaping Primate Evoloution. In F. Anapol, R.Z. German and N.G. Jablonski (eds). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2004. Comparative postcranial body shape and locomotion, Chlorocebus aethiops and Cercopithecus mitis, F. Anapol, T.R. Turner, C.S. Mott and C.J. Jolly. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

2004. Fiber architecture, muscle function, and behavior: gluteal and hamstring muscles of semiterrestrial and aboreal Guenons. F. Anapol, N. Shahnoor and J.P. Gray. Shaping Primate Evolution 6.

2003. Fiber architecture of the intrinsic muscles of the shoulder and arm in semiterrestrial and aboreal Guenons. F. Anapol and J. Patric Gray. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 122: 51-65.

2002. Ontogeny of histochemical fiber types and muscle function in the masseter muscle of miniature swine. F. Anapol and S.W. Herring. American Journal of Physical Anthropology112 (4):595-613.