Jane C. Waldbaum
Dept. of Anthropology
Jane C. Waldbaum retired from the Art History Department after 29 years of teaching ancient art and archaeology. In January 2003 she was elected President of the Archaeological Institute of America. She has her Ph.D. in Classical Archaeology from Harvard University and has participated in archaeological excavations in Israel, Turkey, Cyprus and Italy. Her research interests include cultural and economic contacts among the ancient cultures of the eastern Mediterranean region and the early history of metallurgy, particularly the transition from bronze to iron technology and she has written three books and numerous articles on these subjects. She is currently working on the publication of East Greek pottery imported to the site of Ashkelon in Israel in the seventh century B.C. and on a larger study of imports from the Aegean to the coastal Levant between the eighth and fourth centuries B.C. She is currently Adjunct Professor in the Department of Anthropology at UWM.
Ph.D., 1968, Harvard University, Classical Archaeology
Honors, Fellowships and Grants
Dorot Research Professorship, W. F. Albright Institute for Archaeological Research, Jerusalem 1990-91
President, Archaeological Institute of America, 2003-
Bronze to Iron: The Transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age in the Eastern Mediterranean, Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology LIV (Göteborg, Paul Åströms Förlag, 1978).
George M. A. Hanfmann and others, Sardis Final Reports I: A Survey of Sardis and Major Monuments Outside the City Walls (Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1975).
"Trade Items or Soldiers' Gear? Cooking Pots from Ashkelon, Israel," in Autour de la mer Noire. Hommage à Otar Lordkipanidze, eds. Daredjan Kacharava, Murielle Faudot et Évelyne Geny. (Paris: Presses Universitaires Franc-Comtoises. 2002). pp. 133-140.
"Seventh Century B.C. Greek Pottery from Ashkelon, Israel: An Entrepôt in the Southern Levant," in Pont-Euxin et Commerce. La Genèse de la "Route de la Soie," Actes du Ixe Symposium de Vani (Colchide) - 1999, edited by M. Faudot, A. Frayesse and É. Geny. Institut des Sciences et Techniques de l'Antiquité. (Paris: Presses Universitaires Franc-Comtoises. 2002) pp. 57-75.
"Coming of Iron in the Eastern Mediterranean: Thirty Years of Archaeological and Technological Research," In V. C. Pigott, ed. The Archaeometallurgy of the Asian Old World University Museum Monograph 89, University Museum Symposium Series VII, MASCA Research Papers in Science and Archaeology 16, The University Museum University of Pennsylvania: 1999, pp. 27-57.
With Jodi Magness, "The Chronology of Early Greek Pottery: New Evidence from Seventh Century B.C. Destruction Levels in Israel," American Journal of Archaeology 101 (1997) pp. 23-40.
"Greeks in the East or Greeks and the East? A Study in the Definition and Recognition of Presence," Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 305 (1997) pp. 1-17.
"Early Greek Contacts with the Southern Levant, ca. 1000-600 B.C.: The Eastern Perspective," Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 293 (1994) pp. 53-67.
"Metals." Chap. 10 in J. G. Pedley and M. Torelli, The Sanctuary of Santa Venera at Paestum, Vol. I (Rome, Georgio di Bretschneider, 1993) pp. 261-274.
Response to Session on "Trade in the Late Bronze and Iron Ages" in Biblical Archaeology Today 1990: Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Biblical Archaeology. Jerusalem June 1990 (Jerusalem, Israel Exploration Society, 1993) pp. 371-373.
"Note: Two Attic Sherds," In L.G. Herr, L. T. Geraty, O. S. LaBianca and R. W. Younker, eds. The Madeba Plains Project: The 1987 Season at Tell el-'Umeiri and Vicinity and Subsequent Studies (Berrien Springs MI, Andrews University Press 1991) p. 243.
"Copper, Iron, Tin, Wood: The Start of the Iron Age in the Eastern Mediterranean," Archeomaterials vol. 3 no. 2 (1989) pp. 111-122.
"Metalwork from Idalion, 1971-1980," in L. E. Stager and A. M. Walker, eds., American Expedition to Idalion, Cyprus 1973-1980 Oriental Institute Communications No. 24 (Chicago, Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago 1989) pp. 328-355.
"Coming of Iron," Wisconsin Academy Review 33.2 (1987), pp. 8-21.
"Metalwork and Metalworking at Sardis" in E. Guralnick, ed. Sardis Twenty-Seven Years of Discovery (Chicago 1987) pp. 36-45.
"An Unfinished Bronze Ibex from Sardis," Antike Kunst, vol 26 (1983), pp. 67-72.
"Bimetallic Objects from the Eastern Mediterranean and the Problem of the Dissemination of Iron," in J. D. Muhly, et al. eds. Acta of the International Archaeological Symposium "Early Metallurgy in Cyprus 4000-500 B.C." Larnaca, 1-6 June, 1981, (Nicosia 1982) pp. 325-349.
"First Archaeological Appearance of Iron and the Transition to the Iron Age," in T. A. Wertime and J. D. Muhly, eds., The Coming of the Age of Iron: A Festschrift for Cyril Stanley Smith (New Haven, Yale University Press, 1980) Chap. 3, pp. 69-98.
"The Luristan Bronzes," The Record of the Art Museum, Princeton University, vol. 32, no. 2 (1973), pp. 8-15.
"Bronze and Iron Iranian Axe in the Fogg Art Museum," in D. G. Mitten, et al., eds. Studies Presented to George M. A. Hanfmann, Fogg Art Museum Monographs in Art and Archaeology II (Cambridge, Mass. 1971), pp. 195-205 with technical appendix by Cyril Stanley Smith.
"George M. A. Hanfmann, The Eleventh and Twelfth Campaigns at Sardis (1968, 1969)," Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 199 (1970), pp. 7-58.
George M. A. Hanfmann, "Sardis, 1969," Archaeology 23 (1970), pp. 251-253.
George M. A. Hanfmann, "New Excavations at Sardis and Some Problems in Western Anatolian Archaeology," in J. D. Sandars, ed., Near Eastern Archaeology in the Twentieth Century, Studies in Honor of Nelson Glueck (Garden City, Doubleday and Co., 1970), pp. 307-326.
George M. A. Hanfmann, "Kybebe and Artemis: Two Anatolian Goddesses from Sardis," Archaeology 22 (1969), pp. 264-269.
George M. A. Hanfmann, "Two Submycenaean Vases and a Tablet from Stratonikeia in Caria," American Journal of Archaeology 72 (1968), pp. 51-56.
"Philistine Tombs at Tell Fara and Their Aegean Prototypes," American Journal of Archaeology 70 (1966), pp. 331-340.
"Taste for Antiquities: Collecting Through the Ages," Report on a Symposium in Bulletin of the History of Archaeology 1.2 (November 1991) 29-32.
Imma Kilian-Dirlmeier, Nadeln der frühhelladischen bis archaischen Zeit von der Peloponnes Prähistorische Bronzefunde XIII.8 (Munich 1984), in American Journal of Archaeology 90 (1986), pp. 229-230.
Warren G. Moon, ed. Ancient Greek Art and Iconography (Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1983) in Wisconsin Academy Review 30.4 (1984) 53-54.
P.R.S. Moorey, Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Adam Collection (London, Faber and Faber, 1974) in Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (1977), pp. 86-87.
V. Canby, The Ancient Near East in the Walters Art Gallery (Baltimore, 1974) in Journal of the American Oriental Society 96 (1976) p. 434.
Schmandt-Besserat and S. M. Alexander, The First Civilization: The Legacy of Sumer (Austin, Texas, 1975) in Journal of the American Oriental Society 96 (1976), p. 434.
Mycenaeans in the Eastern Mediterranean: Acts of the International Archaeological Symposium, Nicosia, 27th March-2nd April, 1972 (Nicosia 1973) in American Journal of Archaeology 79 (1975), pp. 96-97.
Borchhardt, Homerische Helme (Mainz, Philipp von Zabern, 1972) in American Journal of Archaeology 78 (1974), pp. 93-95.
"Greeks and Graves in the Coastal Levant," American Journal of Archaeology 99 (1995) p. 306.
"Greek Pottery of the Persian Period from Mikhmoret, Israel," American Journal of Archaeology 97 (1993) p. 339.
"Greek Contacts with the East ca. 800-600 B.C.: The Eastern Perspective," American Journal of Archaeology 96 (1992) p. 339.
"Copper, Iron, Tin, Wood: The Start of the Iron Age in the Eastern Mediterranean," American Journal of Archaeology 91 (1987) p. 285.
"Use of Iron in the Eastern Mediterranean: 1200-900 B.C." in American Philosophical Society Yearbook (1975), pp. 622-623 (report on a grant).
"'Hittite Monopoly' on Iron and the Use of Iron in the Bronze Age," in American Journal of Archaeology 78 (1974), p. 182.
"Use of Iron in the Eastern Mediterranean: 1200-900 B.C." in Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 73 (1969), pp. 328-331 (abstract of dissertation).
Work in Progress
"Greeks and the East," Long-term research project on nature of contacts between Greece and the Levant from the 8th to the 4th centuries BC.
Professional Papers and Lectures
"After The Fall: Connections with the Classical World," American Schools of Oriental Research Centennial Symposium, Washington D.C. April 16, 2000. (Invited Paper).
"Seventh Century Greek Pottery from Ashkelon: Entrepôt in the Southern Levant," 9th International Symposium on the Ancient History and Archaeology of the Black Sea Area, Vani, Republic of Georgia, September 20, 1999. (Invited Paper).
"Greek Pottery in the Levant in the Time of Nebuchadnezzar II," Milwaukee Area Biblical Archaeology Society and Archaeological Institute of America-Milwaukee Society, February 19, 1998.
"Greek Pottery in the Levant in the Time of Nebuchadnezzar II," Wheaton College Archaeology Conference on "The Iron Age in the Biblical World," Wheaton, IL, Nov. 14, 1997.
"Greeks in the East or Greeks and the East? Problems in the Definition and Recognition of Contact," Archaeological Institute of America-Chicago Society and The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago, December 1995.
"Greeks and Graves in the Southern Levant," delivered at a Colloquium on "Greek Presence or Greek Presents? The Meaning of Pre-Hellenistic Greek Imports in the Levant," chaired by Jane C. Waldbaum and Charles M. Adelman Archaeological Institute of American Annual Meeting, December 28, 1994.
"Babylonians, Greeks and the Chronology of the Seventh Century B.C.E." Invited paper for session on "Seventh/Sixth Century B.C.E. Interaction in the Eastern Mediterranean," Annual Meeting of the American Schools of Oriental Research, Washington D.C., November 22, 1993 (with Jodi Magness).
"Greeks in the East or Greeks and the East? A Study in the Definition and Recognition of Contact," Invited paper delivered at a symposium on "Greeks and Barbarians: The Classical Origins of Eurocentrism," Cornell University, April 23-25, 1993.
"Recent Excavations at Ashkelon, Israel," Archaeological Institute of America-Milwaukee Society, January 17, 1993. (General lecture).
"Greek Pottery of the Persian Period from Mikhmoret, Israel," Archaeological Institute of America Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. December 30, 1992.
"Greek Contacts with the East ca. 800-600 B.C.: The Eastern Perspective," Archaeological Institute of America Annual Meeting, Colloquium on "Greece and the Near East: 1100-600 B.C.," Chicago, December 28, 1991.
"Greeks in the East," W. F. Albright Institute Seminar Series, Jerusalem, April 1991 (Scholarly lecture).
"Coming of Iron," Tel Aviv University, Institute of Archaeology Seminar, December 1989; Haifa University Institute of Archaeology, March 1990; Rockefeller Museum, Jerusalem, Hebrew Union College-Albright Institute Lecture Series, March 1990. (scholarly lecture).
"Coming of Iron," Biblical Archaeology Society of Greater Milwaukee, January 1989. (general lecture).
"Coming of Iron: Twenty Years of Archaeological and Technological Research," 4th Soviet-American Archaeological Exchange Conference, Tbilisi-Signakhi, Georgian SSR, October 1988.
"Greeks in the East," Educational lecture series, Ashkelon Excavations, July 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993; Educational lecture series, Tel Miqne-Ekron Excavations, 1992, 1993.
"Copper, Tin, Iron, Wood: The Start of the Iron Age in the Eastern Mediterranean," Colloquium on "Archaeo-Metallurgical Perspectives: Challenging the Old Picture with Recent Findings," at Archaeological Institute of America Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX, Dec. 29, 1986.
"Coming of Iron," Educational lecture series, Ashkelon Excavations, June 1986, July 1987, 1988; Educational lecture series, Tell Miqne-Ekron Expedition, July 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990; Expedition Staff, Lachish Expedition, July 1987.
"Narrative in Greek Art," Philhellenic Professional Society, Milwaukee, November 1984.
"Metalwork from Sardis: Capital of Croesus," Madison Biblical Archaeology Society, November 1984.
"Bimetallic Objects from the Eastern Mediterranean and the Question of the Dissemination of Iron," International Symposium on Early Metallurgy in Cyprus, June 6, 1981, in Larnaca, Cyprus.
"Search for Alexander and the Tomb of Philip the Second," Harvard Club of Chicago, July 24, 1981.
"Metalwork from Sardis, Capital of Croesus," Archaeological Institute of America, Chicago Society, December 1980.
"Lydian Gold to Byzantine Bronze: Metalwork from Sardis, Capital of Croesus," Archaeological Institute of America, Central Indiana Society, January 1979 and Eta Sigma Phi, Classics Honors Society, UWM Chapter, April 1978.
"Collapse of the Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean: Prehistory of a Disturbed Area," Middle East Studies Colloquium, UWM, November 1975.
"Metalwork from Sardis," Archaeological Institute of America, Kent Ohio Society, October 1974.
"Iron in the Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean," at the following local societies of the Archaeological Institute of America: Cleveland, October 1974; Pittsburgh, October 1974; Oberlin-Ashland, October 1974; Milwaukee, February 1974.
"'Hittite Monopoly' on Iron and the Use of Iron in the Bronze Age," Archaeological Institute of America Annual Meeting, St. Louis, MO, December 28, 1973.
"Hittites, Philistines, and the Introduction of Iron in the Eastern Mediterranean," Third International Colloquium on Aegean Prehistory, Sheffield, England, April 1973.
Archaeological Field Work
Ashkelon, Israel, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993: Square supervisor; consultant on metals; Coordinator, Staff Development Seminars, 1993 season; Registrar, 1995 season; Consultant, researcher on Seventh Century B.C. Greek Pottery, 1996, 1997, 1998 seasons.
Co-curated exhibition "Napoleon in Egypt: Images from the Description de l'Egypte," UWM Art History Gallery, Autumn 1987.
Curated exhibition "Ancient Art in Milwaukee Collections," UWM Art History Gallery, Autumn 1985.
Other Professional Experience
Editorial Board, Near Eastern Archaeology, 1999-2001.
W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research:
Archaeological Institute of America, National:
Archaeological Institute of America, Milwaukee Society:
Board of Directors, 1974-present
Archaeological Institute of America, Boston Society:
Cambridge Archaeology Seminar, Coordinating Committee:
Cambridge Archaeology Seminar-Association for Field Archaeology:
Dictionary of American Scholars