James A. ReinartzJames A. Reinartz Adjunct Professor
Senior Scientist, Field Station
Plant Ecology

B.S., Univ. of Wiscnsin 1975
Ph.D. Duke Univ. 1981

Office: Field Station
Phone: 414-675-6844
FAX: 414-229-3926
Email: jimr@uwm.edu
Field Station

Research Interests

I have broad interests in plant ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation biology. My recent research has focused on wetland ecology and restoration, population biology of rare plants, and clonal growth of woody plants. My students and I have studied the effects of flooding on conifer swamp forest. We then restored natural water level fluctuations to the forest and conducted a long-term study of the dynamics of vegetation recovery. We have recently completed a multifaceted study of the development of vegetation, seed banks and soils in restored wetlands. For several years I have also explored the relationships between wetland hydrology and vegetation.

My research with rare plants has concentrated mainly on the population biology and evolution of the forked aster (Aster furcatus). Particularly interesting have been studies of the evolution of the breeding system of this species which is genetically self-incompatible but which often lacks a sufficient number of breeding types in its populations. Recently I have been applying population genetics and ecology to the design of policy regarding the use of rare plants in restorations and outplanting programs.

I continue to have an interest in clonal growth of plants, particularly the control of growth of long-lived woody clones. Our work has shown that many long-lived, woody clonal species maintain their underground connections for the lifetime of the clone. Current research focusses on the control of spread in the clone and the functionality of underground connections.

Selected Publications

Reinartz JA. Analytic essay: Planting state - listed endangered and threatened plants. Conservation Biology. In press.

Reinartz JA, and Les DH. Bottleneck-induced dissolution of self-incompatibility and breeding system consequences in Aster furcatus (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany 81:446-455, 1994.

Reinartz JA, and Warne EL. Development of vegetation in small created wetlands in southeastern Wisconsin. Wetlands 13:153-164, 1993.

Les DH, Reinartz JA, and Esselman EJ. Genetic consequences of rarity in Aster furcatus (Asteraceae), a threatened, self-incompatible plant. Evolution 45:1641-1650, 1991.

Popp JW, and Reinartz JA. Sexual dimorphism in biomass allocation and clonal growth of Xanthoxylum americanum. American Journal of Botany 75:1732-1741, 1988.

Reinartz JA and Popp JW. The structure of clones of prickly ash (Xanthoxylum americanum). American Journal of Botany 74:415-428, 1987.

Reinartz JA. Life history variation of common mullein (Verbascum thapsus L.) I. Latitudinal differences in population dynamics and timing of reproduction. Journal of Ecology 72:897-912, 1984.