B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. Undergraduate options include a minor, a certificate program in biotechnology, and an interdisciplinary major in biological aspects of conservation. A doctoral option is an interdisciplinary specialty in biogeochemistry, in cooperation with Chemistry, Geosciences, and the UWS/UWM Great Lakes Water Institute.
Virology; immunology; microorganisms, microbial, cellular, and molecular biology; botany, including plant anatomy and physiology, plant systematics and evolution, algae, dendrology and flowering plants, and plant ecology; evolutionary biology; zoology, including the ecology and evolution of birds and fishes; limnology and benthic ecology (aquatic systems); ethology and sociobiology; conservation biology; applied microbiology and biotechnology; molecular techniques; electron microscopy; biometry; physiology of reproduction; human physiology, microbial, cardiovascular and respiratory; human genetics; molecular cytogenetics and cell culture; endocrinology; and developmental neurobiology.
The following LC classification range descriptions represent areas of concentration for biological sciences:
QH (Natural History (general). Biology (general)): General. History. Conservation; Microscopy; Biology (general) (Evolution; Genetics; Reproduction. Life. Death; Ecology; Cell biology). Selectively collected categories: Topographical distribution (books about Wisconsin).
QK (Botany): General; Plant lore. Wild flowers; Conservation. Relict plants; Classification. Identification; Pictorial works. Atlases. Illustration; Geographical distribution (Aquatic flora); Spermatophyta. Phanerogams; Cryptogams. Myxomycetes; Plant anatomy; Plant physiology; Plant ecology. Evolution. Selectively collected categories: Study and teaching. Research; Collecting. Surveys and mapping; Botanical gardens, herbariums, laboratories; Useful, edible, poisonous plants. Medical botany; Plant physiology (Plant biochemistry).
QL (Zoology): General; History. Biography; Animals and civilization. Endangered species; Fresh water biology; Classification. Nomenclature; Fishes; Birds; Animal behavior. Selectively collected categories: Study and teaching. Research; Physiographic distribution; Geographical distribution; Invertebrates; Chordates, vertebrates (general); Reptiles and amphibians; Mammals; Morphology; Anatomy.
QP (Physiology): General; General human physiology; Sex differences. Sexual orientation; Environmental influences (e.g., altitude, cold, pesticides, radiation, stress, etc.); Developmental physiology (e.g., growth, aging, death); Cardiovascular system. Heart. Tissues; Respiration; Glands. Secretions; Reproductive organs. Sex; Neurophysiology; Neurophysiology. Selectively collected categories: History and biography; Study and teaching. Research. Laboratories. Technique; Physiology of the tissues (e.g., bone, muscle, skin, teeth); Fluids, acid-base equilibrium, homeostasis; Lymphatic system; Thermoregulation; Digestive tract; Urinary organs; Vision; Animal biochemistry.
QR (Microbiology): Development, cell cycle, microbial populations; Bacteria; Microbial ecology. Micro-organisms; Virology.