When searching for information in a periodicals database, it is necessary to create search statements that retrieve relevant results from the database content. The main concepts can be used to create a search statement. Before searching, it is also helpful to create a list of synonyms, a keyword list.
When researching a reference question, the first step is to analyze a question to determine what is required. For example, for the research question, “What are the health effects of pesticides on children?” the keywords and/or concepts are in blue italics and can be used to search databases.