A SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
~ WAR & RESPONSE ~
1998 marked the centenary of these pivotal events. To explore the momentous effects of the War of 1898 on the countries involved, UWMs Department of Spanish & Portuguese organized the international conference "The 1898 Spanish-American War and 20th-Century Hispanic and American Cultures," September 17-19, 1998. In association with this conference, the Golda Meir Library presented "A Spanish-American War Centennial--War and Response," an exhibition highlighting the military, social, and literary aspects of the conflict. Organized by guest curator Pierre Ullman, Professor Emeritus, Department of Spanish & Portuguese, and Max Yela, Head, Special Collections, Golda Meir Library, the exhibition of over seventy books and artifacts drew mainly on the resources of the librarys Special Collections and the general collections and focused primarily on materials published within the first twenty years after the war.
"A Spanish-American War Centennial" included general histories, memoirs, biographies, essays, and U. S. regimental accounts. A special focus of the exhibition was on the literary response to the war. In the United States, a considerable body of literature grew out of American experiences in the war, including the anti-imperialist writings of Mark Twain, the poetry of Richard Hovey and William Vaughn Moody, the war correspondence of Stephen Crane and Richard Harding Davis, and the anti-war columns of Ambrose Bierce in the otherwise hysterically pro-war rhetoric of the Hearst newspapers. In Spain, the wars impact on literary expression was much more profound. Because of their countrys defeat, Spanish intellectuals were able to advocate ideological renewal more persuasively. For the literati, the moribund, empire-laden Spanish mentality had to be thoroughly renovated in order to come to terms with contemporary circumstances. Individual approaches to this spirit of rejuvenation were diverse, but whatever their approach, most post-war writers seemed united in protest against the immediate past, and in the need for a new interpretation of history and tradition for the future. These writers became known as the Generation of 1898, and included Azor�n, Antonio Machado, Miguel de Unamuno, Ram�n Mar�a del Valle-Incl�n, and P�o Baroja. The exhibition included many first and early editions by these and other influential writers of the Generation of 1898.
"A Spanish-American War Centennial--War and Response" was free and open to the public. For further information about the exhibition, please contact Special Collections Librarian Max Yela at (414) 229-4345, or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
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