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Comparison of Contraceptive Options

Norris Health Center Pharmacy provides low-cost pharmacy services for UWM students visiting the clinic. Most oral contraceptives are priced at under $20.00 per cycle. Over-the-counter contraceptive products are also available at cost.


Birth Control Pill

Key Advantages:
  • Continuous protection when taken correctly
  • Reversible
  • Other health benefits

Key Disadvantages:
  • Must be taken daily
  • Increases risk of blood clots, heart attack & stroke
  • Side effects may include nausea, vomiting & weight gain

99+% effective



Depo-Provera Injection

Key Advantages:
  • Continuous protection for three months
  • No need to remember daily

Key Disadvantages:
  • Office visit for quarterly injections
  • Delayed return to fertility (four-five months)
  • Side effects may include weight change &l menstrual bleeding irregularities

99+% effective



NuvaRing

Key Advantages:
  • One ring inserted vaginally per month
  • Continuous protection when used properly

Key Disadvantages:
  • Side effects similar to OCPs
  • Insertion is vaginal

99+% effective



Ortho Evra Patch

Key Advantages:
  • Weekly patch
  • Continuous protection when used properly
  • Reversible
  • Similar health benefits similar to OCPs

Key Disadvantages:
  • Weekly use
  • Side effects similar to OCPs

99+% effective



Condom

Key Advantages:
  • Easily obtained
  • Best method for STD protection
  • Good results when used with spermicide

Key Disadvantages:
  • May reduce sensation
  • Less sexual spontaneity
  • Breakage possible

88~98% effective



Diaphragm (w/ spermicide)

Key Advantages:
  • Insertion up to six hours before intercourse

Key Disadvantages:
  • Comfort level with insertion important
  • Increased risk of urinary tract & bladder infection
  • Reapplication of spermicide necessary for repeated intercourse

82~94% effective



Spermicide (alone)

Key Advantages:
  • Easily obtained
  • Good results when used with barrier methods

Key Disadvantages:
  • Reapplication necessary for repeated intercourse
  • May be messy
  • May increase risk of urinary tract infections
  • Insertion necessary at least 1/2 hour before intercourse

79~97% effective








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