In April of 2008, The Medical College of Wisconsin, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and CARE USA received a five-year grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to study the relationship between HIV vulnerability and changes in economic environment and food security in rural Malawi, a country in sub-Saharan Africa with a high prevalence of HIV infection, poverty, and child malnutrition.
This project is a partnership between the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee College of Nursing, Center for Global Health Equity, the University of Wisconsin Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health, CARE USA and CARE Malawi. CARE is one of the world's largest private international humanitarian and economic development organizations that currently operates in 70 countries with a mission of eradicating poverty and addressing health, education, food security and economic development globally. Other internationally recognized academic institutions have faculty who are consultants for this study, including the University of Pennsylvania, The London School of Economics and The University of Malawi.
The project was originally known as Tiphunzitsane or "working together" in the Chichewa language, one of the local languages in Malawi. It was recently renamed to SAGE4Health to reflect key goals: Savings, Agriculture, Governance and Empowerment.
The project site is located in the Kasungu District in Central Malawi. The population of the Kasungu District is 627,467, with 4.1% of persons between the ages of 15 and 49 who are HIV positive. The study intervention areas for this project include Kaomba, Mwase, and Njombwa, and the study control areas include Kawamba, Lukwa, Chaima.
The SAGE4Health Project multidisciplinary research team is conducting three related studies:
These studies will help to improve the specific development program under examination and contribute to a body of scientific knowledge regarding public health effects of sophisticated multi-level development programs being implemented globally.